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Senior School Referencing

Senior School help and support with academic integrity and referencing.

Source: Black, S. (2020).

Senior School Referencing | What is APA: Introduction

APA StyleIn-text references (citations) and Reference lists (Bibliography) help you avoid plagiarism. When referencing the School uses APA 7th edition. APA is one of the more widely used referencing guidelines.

Use APA CiteMaker to build your references lists (bibliographies) as well as your in-text references (citations).

Referencing is a key part of the School's Academic Integrity policies and procedures. Copyright refers to who owns the work (text, images, data, etc.) you are using. Copyright and Creative Common licenses tell you if you have permission to use the other person's work and ideas.

Senior School Referencing | What is APA: General Rules

APA StyleWhat is APA

APA is a set of guidelines published by the American Psychological Association. It is one of the more common referencing guidelines. It covers how to lay out your work, reference your sources, and using bias free language.

General rules

In-text referencing (citations)

Use in-text references (also known as citations) when you are referring to, paraphrasing, or directly quoting another work. This includes works by other authors, corporations and organisations. Under APA you should also reference your own published work. There are two ways you should use in-text references, parenthetical citation and narrative citation.

Parenthetical citations:

(Indovino, 2014, p. 31.)
(Denali National Park and Preserve, 2013)

Narrative citations:

Indovino (2014, p. 31.)
Denali National Park and Preserve (2013)

  • For more information click on the left hand side 'In-Text referencing' and the how to 'quote' tabs.
Reference List [Bibliographies]
  1. The Reference list should appear at the end of your work on a separate page.
  2. Check with your teacher to confirm if you need to include all references you have used or only the references cited in your work.
  3. References are arranged by author in alphabetical order. If there is no author use the organisation publishing the work (corporate author).
  4. All references should have a hanging indent. That is, all lines of a reference subsequent to the first line should be indented.
  5. When referring to magazine or journal titles, capitalise all major words (do not capitalise words such as ‘of’, ‘and’, & ‘the’ unless they are the first word in the title). Example: Journal of Exercise Science and Fitness. (University of Sydney Library, 2018)
  • Click on the left hand tabs for more information on how to add different types of sources to your reference list / bibliography. See also the following basic principles as outlined by the APA.

Senior School Referencing | What is APA: Bias free language

Bias free language

Under the APA guidelines you need to be inclusive and respectful especially when writing about other people. To quote the APA directly: "Writers using APA Style must strive to use language that is free of bias and avoid perpetuating prejudicial beliefs or demeaning attitudes in their writing." (APA, n.d.) See also:

Senior School Referencing | What is APA: Recent changes

Film and videoUsing YouTube on campus help and instructionsTo view this video on campus remember to first login to your school Google account using your mConnect username and password. Click here for more help on using YouTube on campus.

"The 7th edition of the APA Publication Manual, published in October 2019, replaces the 6th edition published in 2009. This video covers the 17 most notable changes in the APA 7th edition." (Scribbr, 2019).

Note the following sections

1. Citing sources - 0:25
2. Inclusive & bias-free language - 2:01
3. APA paper format - 2:52
4. Mechanics of style - 3:56
5. When to start using the APA 7th edition - 4:57


In text reference / citation: Narrative citations: Scribbr (2019) Parenthetical citations: (Scribbr, 2019)
Reference list / Bibliography: Scribbr, (2019, November 17). APA Manual 7th Edition: 17 Most Notable Changes, [Video]. YouTube.

APA news on Twitter

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