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Mentone Girls' Grammar School | Kerferd Library

Senior School Referencing

Senior School help and support with academic integrity and referencing.

Source: Black, S. (2020).

Referencing web pages and websites

Updated for APA 7th edition

Senior School Referencing | Web: Introduction

APA StyleIn-text references (citations) and Reference lists (Bibliography) help you avoid plagiarism. When referencing the School uses APA 7th edition. APA is one of the more widely used referencing guidelines.

Use APA CiteMaker to build your references lists (bibliographies) as well as your in-text references (citations).

Referencing is a key part of the School's Academic Integrity policies and procedures. Copyright refers to who owns the work (text, images, data, etc.) you are using. Copyright and Creative Common licenses tell you if you have permission to use the other person's work and ideas.

Senior School Referencing | Web: General Guidelines

APA 7th edition guidelinesNOTE: Use the following guidelines when citing and referencing online videos. See also the Explore more section at the bottom of this page.

  • As a general rule do not create references or in-text citations for whole websites.
  • For a page from an organization’s website without individual authors, use the name of the organization as the author.
  • Provide as specific a date as possible for the webpage. If there is no date use the abbreviation n.d.
  • Some show when webpages were last updated. Use this date if it relates to the information you are citing. 
  • Italicize the title of the webpage.
  • Where the author of the webpage and the site name are the same, omit the site name from the source element to avoid repetition.
  • End the reference with the URL.

Senior School Referencing | Web: Examples

In text reference [citation] examples:
Direct quote

Works such as 'The painter' (Olowska, 2016) "deal specifically with the lost visual symbols and cultures of Poland during the Cold War." (Witt, 2016)

Indirect quote

Referencing works such as 'The painter' (2016) by Paulina Olowska, Emily Witt in the New York Times (2016) implies that a nostalgia for a lost past has inspired a new generation of Eastern European painters.

Reference lists [Bibliographies]:


Ołowska, P. (2016). The painter [oil and synthetic polymer paint on canvas].

Owens, L. (2020, October 7). I propose a bicycle race between Biden and Trump [Comment on the webpage

Here’s what voters make of President Trump’s COVID-19 diagnosis]. HuffPost.

SBS. (n.d.). Indigenous Australian recipes and Indigenous Australian food. SBS Food.

Solar system exploration. (n.d.). NASA Science.

Senior School Referencing | Web: Google and referencing

GoogleIt is important to remember that Google is a search engine, it is not a web site. This means you should only reference Google if you are referring to content on an actual Google web page such as In all other cases you must reference the source of the content be it text, image, video and so forth. The following example is how you would reference an image on a Google page. 

Larry Page and Sergey Brin

Google founders, Larry Page and Sergey Brin in 1998. (Google, 2018)

Senior School Referencing | Web: Explore more

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