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Mentone Girls' Grammar School | Kerferd Library

Senior School Referencing

Senior School help and support with academic integrity and referencing.

Referencing videos

Referencing is a key part of the School's Academic Integrity policies and procedures. Referencing is the way you show you are being honest and making it clear what is your work, what isn't, and where you got your information. Copyright refers to who owns the work (text, images, data, and so forth) you are using, and whether you have permission to use the work.

For more information see also the Kerferd Library Academic Integrity page as well as the Copyright page.

  • Use the left hand menu options for an overview of how you should add references to your Reference List [Bibliography], as well as an introduction on how to do in text referencing.
  • Use APA CiteMaker to build you own references list [bibliographies] content as well as your own in text references [quotes]. 

Referencing | General Instructions

See the following sections for general rules on how to do APA referencing. Use CiteMaker to build your references, especially if you need to build a more detailed reference, for example a reference with two or more authors. Don't forget the Library catalogue and many of the Kerferd Library products and services such as Britannica, EBSOChost, and JSTOR also have in built reference help.

YouTube and Vimeo and Referencing

YouTube logoVimeo logoIt is important to remember that platforms such as YouTube and Vimeo are hosting services for people and organisations to store and distribute video content. This means you should only reference platforms such as YouTube and Vimeo if you are referring to content on an actual YouTube and or Vimeo corporate web page or channel. For example: In all other cases you must reference the source / channel / owner / creator of the content. The following example is how you would reference a video on a YouTube channel owned by YouTube.

'The Algorithm' - How YouTube Search & Discovery Works, (YouTube, 2017)

APA Referencing | Videos

NOTE: There are some differences depending on whether you are referencing a movie, television series, or video art. For details see.

  • CiteMaker > Digital > Movie, OR
  • CiteMaker > Digital > Television, OR
  • CiteMaker > Creative > Exhibition.

Reference lists [Bibliographies]:

Creator surname, Initials. (role). (year published). Title of video. [Format] Publisher. Retrieved from URL.


Sinise, G. (Producer & Director). (1992). Of Mice and Men. [Motion picture]. USA: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Retrieved from

VEA. (1996). Aboriginal Art - Yesterday and Today [video documentary]. Retrieved from

Viola, B. (2007). Ocean without a shore [Three channel colour high definition video]. Retrieved from /87110/

In text reference [citation] examples:
Direct quote

Nineteenth century Victorian Aboriginal artist Tommy McRae used his art to "record the social changes occurring around him." (VEA, 1996)

Indirect quote

'Ocean without a shore' (Viola, 2007) and many other video installations by Bill Viola are concerned with stages of life (Bunyan, 2009)

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