Source: Black, S. (2020).
In-text references (citations) and Reference lists (Bibliography) help you avoid plagiarism. When referencing the School uses APA 7th edition. APA is one of the more widely used referencing guidelines.
Use APA CiteMaker to build your references lists (bibliographies) as well as your in-text references (citations).
Referencing is a key part of the School's Academic Integrity policies and procedures. Copyright refers to who owns the work (text, images, data, etc.) you are using. Copyright and Creative Common licenses tell you if you have permission to use the other person's work and ideas.
NOTE: Use the following guidelines when citing and referencing social media. See also the Explore more section at the bottom of this page.
Designer Joel Friedlander (2018) notes that because "a shopper will spend an average of only 8 seconds looking at the front cover", a good cover can help sell a book and a bad cover can turn off potential customers.
With public statements such as "World peace can only be based on inner peace" (Gyatso, 2018), the 14th Dalai Lama is recognised as a influential advocate for peace within a significant faith based community.
As part of the Canadian 2018 budget process the Prime Minister, Justin Trudeau, took to social media to say "When women have equal opportunities as they start and navigate their careers, our economy grows and we all benefit. It’s why we’re introducing a new pay equity plan for federal employees" (Trudeau, 2018)
The Dalai Lama (Gyatso, 2018) has said world peace can only occur when the world's people experience inner peace.
The Canadian Prime Minster (Trudeau, 2018) is one world world leader who called for women to receive the same pay as men when they are doing the same work.
When referencing a person: Creator real surname if known, Initials. [social media name] (year published, date published). Title of work / name of the post. [Name of social media platform]. URL.
When referencing an organisation: Organisation's name. [social media name] (year published, date published). Title of work / name of the post. [Name of social media platform]. URL.
Friedlander, J. (2018, April, 12). 9 Ways a Crappy Book Cover Can Sabotage a Marketing Campaign. [Web blog post]. https://www.thebookdesigner.com/2018/04/9-ways-a-crappy-book-cover-can-sabotage-a-marketing-campaign/.
Gyatso, T. [@Dalailama]. (2018, March 23). World peace can only be based on inner peace. [Twitter]. https://twitter.com/DalaiLama/status/977115277367349250.
Trudeau, J. [@JustinTrudeau]. (2018, April 18). A fantastic way to celebrate the 100th anniversary of women’s right to vote in Britain. [Twitter]. https://twitter.com/JustinTrudeau/status/986645613650612224.
Trudeau, J. [justinpjtrudeau]. (2018, March 3). Equal pay for work of equal value. [Instagram]. https://www.instagram.com/p/Bf1j7EehOSK/?hl=en.
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO). [@UNESCO]. A book is a bridge between generations & across cultures, a force for creating & sharing knowledge. [Twitter]. https://twitter.com/UNESCO/status/986680924556480516.