Source: Black, S. (2020).
In-text references (citations) and Reference lists (Bibliography) help you avoid plagiarism. When referencing the School uses APA 7th edition. APA is one of the more widely used referencing guidelines.
Use APA CiteMaker to build your references lists (bibliographies) as well as your in-text references (citations).
Referencing is a key part of the School's Academic Integrity policies and procedures. Copyright refers to who owns the work (text, images, data, etc.) you are using. Copyright and Creative Common licenses tell you if you have permission to use the other person's work and ideas.
There are a number of different ways to use quotes in your work. Under the APA 7th edition guidelines there are:
APA recommends that you "use direct quotations rather than paraphrasing; when reproducing an exact definition (see Section 6.22 of the Publication Manual),when an author has said something memorably or succinctly, or when you want to respond to exact wording (e.g., something someone said)". (APA, n.d.)
When quoting you also need to cite and reference your sources. See also:
Format quotations of 40 words or more as block quotations:
In the followinng example the block quote is shown in red. Note the inclusion of the author, date published and page reference in the Parenthetical in-text citation.
In his book 'Aboriginal Victorians" Richard Broome notes that while the local Kulin people were intrigued by the European settlers they naturally engaged with the Europeans according to the own customs and expectations. For example, the Kulin did not initially engage with the Europeans with a European understanding of personal property rights.
Aboriginal people were also intrigued by the novelty of all before them. They stopped Europeans in the street to shake their hands and the whites responded positively. Aborigines were keen to understand the newcomers and gain access to the cargoes their ships disgorged. Aboriginal people were attracted to Melbourne in the same way that hunters and gatherers had always moved to the most accessible food sources. Presents of flour were preferable to hours of gathering and grinding seed. Gifts of offal were preferable to hunting their own meat down. And Melbourne offered novel stimulants—tea, sugar, tobacco—that their own diet lacked. The Kulin expected access to European food resources in accord with their ideas of reciprocity—whereby kin shared food and goods—and also because of the privileges they felt were their due as landowners. (Broome, 2005, p. 18)
Not surprisingly conflicts arose because both the Europeans and Kulin misunderstood each other’s expectations culture and expectations.
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In text reference / citation:
Narrative citations: Scribbr (2019) Parenthetical citations: (Scribbr, 2019)
Bibliography / Reference list: Scribbr. (2019, October 23). How to Quote in Under 5 minutes [Video]. YouTube. https://youtu.be/DhMl3eIcGbI