Source: Black, S. (2020).
In-text references (citations) and Reference lists (Bibliography) help you avoid plagiarism. When referencing the School uses APA 7th edition. APA is one of the more widely used referencing guidelines.
Use APA CiteMaker to build your references lists (bibliographies) as well as your in-text references (citations).
Referencing is a key part of the School's Academic Integrity policies and procedures. Copyright refers to who owns the work (text, images, data, etc.) you are using. Copyright and Creative Common licenses tell you if you have permission to use the other person's work and ideas.
For more details see the following examples as well as the 'Explore more' section on this page.
Under APA 7th edition in-text references (also called citations) are the same for physical and online magazine / journal articles. Enter the author or author's name followed by the year of publication.
Parenthetical citation referencing the whole article: (Harris, 2020)
Narrative citation referencing the whole article: Harris (2020)
"For the first time in Australia’s history, its leading international partner for science and technology may soon be a country other than one of its Western military allies." (Harris, 2020, p. 76)
The rise of Asian countries is having an impact on Australian science with more and more Australian science partnering with countries such as China. (Harris, 2020)
Referencing magazine and journal articles
Harris, P. (2020). Between the Leviathans. Issues in Science & Technology. 36(3), 75–79. https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=tru e&db=anh&AN=144717564&site=ehost-live&scope=site&a uthtype=ip,sso&custid=mggsvic
Rickards, L., Neale, T., & Kearnes, M. (2017). Australia's national climate: learning to adapt?. Geographical Research, 55(4), 469-476. doi:10.1111/1745-5871.12240
Nuttall, J. (2020). The Early Life of Gibberish. History Today, 70(7), 64–71. https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=anh&AN=143580944&site=ehost-live&scope=site&authtype=ip,sso&custid=mggsvic
When referencing an online magazine or journal article
Though not part of APA 7th edition guidelines, add the permanent URL when referencing an eBook as this makes it easier for your teacher to go directly to your reference source.
Note: Kerferd Library eBook providers such as EBSCO, Gale and JSTOR provide the reference as well as the permanent URL that you use in your references. Ask one of the librarians show you how to use this feature as it will save you time.