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Mentone Girls' Grammar School | Kerferd Library

Senior School Referencing

Senior School help and support with academic integrity and referencing.

Referencing images

Referencing is a key part of the School's Academic Integrity policies and procedures. Referencing is the way you show you are being honest and making it clear what is your work, what isn't, and where you got your information. Copyright refers to who owns the work (text, images, data, and so forth) you are using, and whether you have permission to use the work.

For more information see also the Kerferd Library Academic Integrity page as well as the Copyright page.

  • Use the left hand menu options for an overview of how you should add references to your Reference List [Bibliography], as well as an introduction on how to do in text referencing.
  • Use APA CiteMaker to build you own references list [bibliographies] content as well as your own in text references [quotes]. 

See the following sections for general rules on how to do APA referencing. Use CiteMaker to build your references, especially if you need to build a more detailed reference, for example a reference with two or more authors. Don't forget the Library catalogue and many of the Kerferd Library products and services such as Britannica, EBSOChost, and JSTOR also have in built reference help.

APA Referencing | Published Images

NOTE: There are some differences depending on whether you are referencing an image from a book or from the web. For details see:

  • CiteMaker > Internet > graphs & images, OR
  • CiteMaker > Creative > images.
Reference lists [Bibliographies]:

Creator surname, Initials. (year published). Title of work. [Format]. In Title of book (page number). Place of publication: Publisher.


Creator surname, Initials. (year published). Title of image. [Format]. Retrieved from URL.


Tolkien, R.R. (1936). Mordor in the third age  [Map]. In Lord of the Rings (p. 2). Melbourne: Allen & Unwin.

Ołowska, P. (2016). The painter [oil and synthetic polymer paint on canvas]. Retrieved from

In text reference [citation] examples:
Direct quote

Works such as 'The painter' (Olowska, 2016) "deal specifically with the lost visual symbols and cultures of Poland during the Cold War." (Witt, 2016)

Indirect quote

Referencing works such as 'The painter' (2016) by Paulina Olowska, Emily Witt in the New York Times (2016) implies that a nostalgia for a lost past has inspired a new generation of Eastern European painters.

Google and Referencing

GoogleIt is important to remember that Google is a search engine, it is not a web site. This means you should only reference Google if you are referring to content on an actual Google web page such as In all other cases you must reference the source of the content be it text, image, video and so forth. The following example is how you would reference an image on a Google page. 

Larry Page and Sergey Brin

Google founders, Larry Page and Sergey Brin in 1998. (Google, 2018)

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