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Mentone Girls' Grammar School | Kerferd Library

Senior School Research and Discovery: Overview

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas [Australian General Capability 7]

Senior School research and discovery

"Research is creating new knowledge." (Neil Armstrong, n.d.)

"I believe in innovation and that the way you get innovation is you fund research and you learn the basic facts." (Bill Gates, n.d.)

Referencing Notice Don't forget to cite and reference your sources. For help see the Junior School or Senior School referencing guides, and / or CiteMaker.
Resource Key

When accessing content use the numbers below to guide you:


Brief, basic information laid out in an easy-to-read format. May use informal language. (Includes most news articles)


Provides additional background information and further reading. Introduces some subject-specific language.

Level 3 resourceLEVEL

Lengthy, detailed information. Frequently uses technical/subject-specific language. (Includes most analytical articles)

Research & Discovery | Introduction

Use the following steps to plan your research as well as stay on topic. See also the other referencing and research Kerferd Library guides:

Research & Discovery | Keywords

Level 1KeywordsKeywords and phrases

Click on the terms to access a simple definition from the Oxford Dictionary online. The definitions for words and phrases marked with a hash # come from alternative sources.

Academic voice #, Bias, Cite, Copyright, Creative commons #, Empirical, Evidence, Infographic, Licence agreement, Literature review #, Plagiarism, Reference, Research.

Research & Discovery | Introduction: eBooks

Level 1 resourceUsing eBooks off campus help and instructionsClick on the following book covers to access the eBook online. If prompted, sign in with your School mConnect user name and password.

Research & Discovery | Step 1 - Define the task

  • Define the taskRead the question and highlight the key terms.
  • Write the question in your own words to make sure you understand the task.
  • Use your existing knowledge to brainstorm [5 minutes] what you already know about the topics that interests you. Use your existing knowledge and interests to narrow the topic down to something that is manageable. 
  • Do some background reading to ensure you have a basic understanding of the topic and related issues.

HINT: Britannica Encyclopaedia is a great place to start. It gives you short and accurate summaries.

Level 1

Research & Discovery | Step 2 - Make a list of keywords

  • Level 1KeywordsFrom your background reading, identify some keywords to help you refine and focus your topic to make it manageable.
  • Write down these keywords as a list. A list of key words helps you stay on topic.
  • You can also "use keywords to skim and scan text. This way you can quickly decide whether the information you're looking at is useful." (Ergo, n.d.)

Research & Discovery | Step 3 - Find information

Finding informationFind information to build your knowledge and support your argument.

  • Using your keywords search on a reference database to find articles and book chapters that give you the information you need for your report.
  • HINT: use the reference database 'cite' tools to quickly copy the reference into your bibliography. This will make it quicker and easier to go back and find the reference again. 
Level 2

Looking for more information

See also the full range of databases and content available to students and staff via the following Kerferd A-Z list

Try using Google Scholar

Research and Discovery | Curriculum alignment

Level 1Victorian CurriculumThis Mentone Girls' Grammar School LibGuide supports the following Victorian curriculum outcomes. Click on the links to explore more.

Australian Curriculum Alignment

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