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Brief, basic information laid out in an easy-to-read format. May use informal language. (Includes most news articles)
Provides additional background information and further reading. Introduces some subject-specific language.
Lengthy, detailed information. Frequently uses technical/subject-specific language. (Includes most analytical articles)
Students understand the significant challenges and developments faced by the society that caused progress or decline, including the Reformation, Renaissance and Age of Exploration.
- What key beliefs and values emerged and how did they influence societies?
- Which significant people, groups and ideas from this period have influenced the world today?
Renaissance Italy and the Reformation | Women: general reading
Women in the Renaissance by
Publication Date: 2009
Women in the Renaissance investigates how women struggled for identity, influence, power, and recognition in a society dominated by men. Most were forced to serve their husbands and rulers or give themselves to the Church, but a few became wealthy, educated, and famous. Eventually women gained some status in society.
Renaissance Italy and the Reformation | Women: Sofonisba Anguissola
Sofonisba Anguissola (Britannica Middle, n.d.)
Sofonisba Anguissola, (born c. 1532—died November 1625, Palermo), late Renaissance painter best known for her portraiture. She was one of the first known female artists and one of the first women artists to establish an international reputation. ("Sofonisba Anguissola", n.d.)
Renaissance Italy and the Reformation | Women: Lucrezia Borgia
Lucrezia was the daughter of Pope of Pope Alexander VI and sister of Cesare Borgia a major inspiration for Machiavelli's "The Prince" an influential book on politics, power and diplomacy. Highly educated and intelligent, Lucrezia was married off three times by her family for political gain.
Did you know that in 2008 National Gallery of Victoria discovered that "the subject of a mysterious Renaissance portrait it has owned since 1965 is Lucrezia Borgia, and that the painter is famed Renaissance artist Dosso Dossi"? Click here to explore more.
Source: Dosso Dossi, Lucrezia Borgia, (National Gallery of Victoria: 1587-5)
Renaissance Italy and the Reformation | Women: Francesca Caccini
Francesca Caccini (Britannica Middle, n.d.)
Francesca Caccini, also called Francesca Signorini, (born September 18, 1587—died after June 1641), Italian composer and singer who was one of only a handful of women in 17th-century Europe whose compositions were published. ("Francesca Caccini", n.d.)
Renaissance Italy and the Reformation | Women: Isabella I of Castile
Isabella I of Castile - Queen of Spain
Born in 1451 in Madrigal de las Altas Torres (Spain) into the royal House of Trastámara and died in 1504 in Medina del Campo (Spain). Queen of Spain in her own right, with her husband Ferdinand she helped create a united Spain, and in sponsoring the explorations of Christopher Columbus establish Latin America.
Isabella I of Castile (Britannica Middle, n.d.)
Isabella was queen of Spain in her own right. With her husband Ferdinand they completed the reconquest of Spain from the Moors and funded the explorations of Christopher Columbus which ultimately led to the creation of Latin America.
Isabella I (Kuiper, 2010, pp. 37-40)
"Together with her husband, Ferdinand II of Aragon (Ferdinand V of Castile), Queen Isabella I ruled Castile (1474–1504) and Aragon (1479–1504). Their rule effected the permanent union of Spain and the beginning of an overseas empire in the ‘New World,’ led by Christopher Columbus under Isabella’s sponsorship." (Kuiper, 2010, p.37)
Renaissance Italy and the Reformation | Women: Marguerite d’Angouleme
Margaret of Angoulême (Britannica Middle, n.d.)
Margaret of Angoulême, also called Margaret of Navarre, (born April 11, 1492—died Dec. 21, 1549), queen consort of Henry II of Navarre, who, as a patron of humanists and reformers and as an author in her own right, was one of the most outstanding figures of the French Renaissance. ("Margaret of Angoulême", n.d.)
Renaissance Italy and the Reformation | Women: Catherine de’ Medici
Catherine de’ Medici - Queen of France
Born in Florence (Italy) in 1519 and died in Blois (France) in 1589.
Catherine de’ Medici (Britannica High School, n.d.)
Catherine de’ Medici, (born April 13, 1519, Florence [Italy]—died January 5, 1589, Blois, France), was a member of the Medici family from Florence. Catherine married Henry II of France and was influential in promoting culture, ideas and food of the Italian Renaissance to France. As Queen of France Catherine was also very powerful and involved in French politics. ("Catherine de’ Medici", n.d.)
Catherine de Medicis, (Kuiper, 2010, pp. 42-45.
Catherine de Medicis (b. April 13, 1519, Florence [Italy]—d. Jan. 5, 1589, Blois, France) Born into the Florentine Medici family, Catherine married the King of France and played a role in bringing Renaissance art and culture to France. Catherine was also “one of the most influential personalities of the Catholic-Huguenot wars… Three of her sons were kings of France: Francis II, Charles IX, and Henry III. (Kuiper, 2010, p.42)
Renaissance Italy and the Reformation | Women: Artemisia Gentileschi
Artemisia Gentileschi - painter
Born in Rome (Italy) in 1593 and died in Naples (Italy) in 1652/53
Artemisia Gentileschi (Britannica Middle, n.d.)
"Italian painter Artemisia Gentileschi was a major follower of the revolutionary Baroque painter Caravaggio. She belonged to the generation that came after Caravaggio and was an important champion of his dramatic realism." (Britannica, n.d.)
Artemisia Gentileschi (Kuiper, 2010, pp. 50-51)
"The Italian painter Artemisia Gentileschi was the daughter of Orazio Gentileschi, a follower of the revolutionary Baroque painter Caravaggio. She herself was an important second-generation proponent of Caravaggio’s dramatic realism." (Kuiper, 2010, pp. 50-51)
Renaissance Italy and the Reformation | Women: Caterina Sforza
Caterina Sforza (Britannica Middle, n.d.)
Italian noblewoman Caterina Sforza (1462/63–1509) ruled Forlí (in present-day Italy) during the 15th century. She was known for her cunning yet brutal actions to keep her power and possessions. Caterina was part of the powerful Sforza family that ruled Milan for almost a century. ("Caterina Sforza", n.d.)
Tigress of Forli: The Life of Caterina Sforza by
Publication Date: 2012
If I were to write the story of my life it would shock the world', Caterina Sforza, 1463-1509. As action packed as as a Game of Thrones novel, the complete life of one of Italy's most fearless women. Between her birth in 1463 as the illegitimate daughter of the Duke of Milan, and her death in 1509 as a member of the powerful Medici family, the life of Caterina Sforza crossed the firmament of Renaissance Italy like a shooting star. She was painted by Botticelli, feted by Pope Sixtus IV, slandered by Macchiavelli and celebrated as a warrior who led her own troops fearlessly into battle. While defending her fortress city-state of Forli, she was prepared to sacrifice her children rather than surrender - yet she was eventually defeated, imprisoned and raped by a Borgia. Caterina Sforza bore 8 children, buried 3 husbands, and wrote a recipe book that has since been through more than 100 editions. Her youngest child became, like his mother, a brilliant soldier and a national hero. But not even the determined Caterina could have planned that her son's direct descendants would include the kings of France and of England ... Or that she herself would be reborn 600 years later as the kick-ass lead character in the multimillion-selling videogame Assassin's Creed.
Renaissance Italy and the Reformation | Women: Videos
"Take a step back in time and into the boudoir of the future Queen of France, Marie de Medici. Learn the secrets to all the layers of clothing, where they evolved from, and their meanings." (CostumeTrek, 2019)
When using this video don't forget to cite and reference your sources. For more information and help see the Kerferd Library referencing guide and / or CiteMaker.
In text reference / citation: CostumeTrek (2019) or (CostumeTrek, 2019)
Bibliography / Reference list: CostumeTrek (2019). Dressing a Rennaissance Queen, [eVideo]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/_3aj2vQbJHU