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Brief, basic information laid out in an easy-to-read format. May use informal language. (Includes most news articles)
Provides additional background information and further reading. Introduces some subject-specific language.
Lengthy, detailed information. Frequently uses technical/subject-specific language. (Includes most analytical articles)
Students understand the significant challenges and developments faced by the society that caused progress or decline, including the Reformation, Renaissance and Age of Exploration.
- What key beliefs and values emerged and how did they influence societies?
- Which significant people, groups and ideas from this period have influenced the world today?
Renaissance Italy and the Reformation | Explorers: General reading
Exploration in the Renaissance by
Publication Date: 2009
It's high adventure in this thrilling addition to the Renaissance World series! Come aboard for the Age of Exploration, as brave Europeans sail around the world in search of sea routes to Asia and India-and found much more than anticipated.
The Age of Exploration: From Christopher Columbus to Ferdinand Magellan by
Publication Date: 2013
The Age of Exploration, which spanned roughly from 1400 to 1550, was the first time in history that European powers--eyeing new trade routes to the East or seeking to establish empires--began actively looking far past their own borders to gain a better understanding of the world and its many resources. The individuals who set out on behalf of the countries they represented came from a variety of backgrounds, and included master navigators such as Christopher Columbus and Ferdinand Magellan--the latter of whom was the first to circle the globe--as well as the often ruthless conquistadors of the New World such as Francisco Pizarro and Hernan Cortes. The exciting and sometimes tragic lives and journeys of these and many others as well as the battles for empire that arose are chronicled in this engaging volume.
Renaissance Italy and the Reformation | Explorers: Christopher Columbus
Christopher Columbus (Britannica High School, n.d.)
Christopher Columbus, Italian Cristoforo Colombo, Spanish Cristóbal Colón, (born between August 26 and October 31?, 1451, Genoa [Italy]—died May 20, 1506, Valladolid, Spain), master navigator and admiral whose four transatlantic voyages (1492–93, 1493–96, 1498–1500, and 1502–04) opened the way for European exploration, exploitation, and colonization of the Americas. ("Christopher Columbus", n.d.)
What Columbus knew (Wallis, 1992, pp. 17-23)
"Examines the state of geographical knowledge when explorer Christopher Columbus set sail, and outlines his use of it. Major sources of the contemporary histories, includes Peter Martyr's `De orbe Novo, 1516'; The influence of contemporary ideas of world cosmography on Columbus; The influence of Marco Polo on Columbus; Theories that Columbus had secret information; Details of Columbus' voyage."(Wallis, 1992, pp. 17-23)
Christopher Columbus (eBook) by
Call Number: eBook
Publication Date: 2004
Christopher Colombus is one of the most famous explorers of all time. Young readers will learn about the discoveries he made in this fascinating biography. Using vivid images, supportive text, and engaging sidebars, children will learn about Colombus' exploration to the New World and what an impact it made on Spain, the Native Indians, as well as the world. The glossary and table of contents help readers easily find their way through the pages and gain a better understanding of the content.
Explore with Christopher Columbus (eBook) by
Call Number: eBook
Publication Date: 2014
This engaging book follows the travels of Italian explorer Christopher Columbus. Historical information and high-interest fact boxes are presented in an entertaining tabloid style as Columbus navigates his way to the New World.
Christopher Columbus: New World Explorer or Fortune Hunter? by
Publication Date: 2013
Great explorer and sailor. Hungry for riches and gold. Views about Christopher Columbus have changed over time. But who was the real Christopher Columbus? Explore Columbus's life throughout his journeys to the New World. Then decide for yourself whether he was a hero or villain.
Renaissance Italy and the Reformation | Explorers: Ferdinand Magellan
Explore with Ferdinand Magellan (eBook) by
Call Number: eBook
Publication Date: 2014-09-19
Follow the travels of Portuguese explorer and navigator Ferdinand Magellan who led an expedition that ended up circumnavigating the Earth. His major voyages, explorations, and discoveries are presented in an entertaining, tabloid-news style.
Ferdinand Magellan (eBook) by
Call Number: eBook
Publication Date: 2010
This biography introduces young readers to the life of brave Portuguese sea captain Ferdinand Magellan, who confirmed that the earth is round and introduced the Pacific Ocean to Europeans while sailing for King Charles I of Spain. Through engaging text, readers learn about Ferdinand Magellan's childhood, education, and early inspirations, such as Christopher Columbus's discovery of the New World and Vasco da Gama reaching India by sailing south around Africa. A graphic sidebar explains the line of demarcation. And, a detailed map allows readers to follow Magellan's journey from Spain to the Spice Islands. Magellan's discovery of the Strait of Magellan, which links the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, and his death on the island of Mactan are also discussed. Full-color photos, an index, a timeline, discussion questions, bold glossary terms, and phonetics accompany easy-to-read text and take readers on a journey around the earth.
Ferdinand Magellan by
Publication Date: 2013
This title introduces readers to Ferdinand Magellan, the great explorer who was the first to sail around the world. Magellan's life story is examined from his childhood to service in the court of Portugal's queen. Magellan's search for the Spice Islands in command of the Trinidad, the San Antonio, the Concepcion, and the Victoria is detailed, as is his exploration of the Canary Islands, Brazil, and Argentina and naming the Pacific Oceana and the Straits of Magellan on the way to the Philippines and Indonesia. Aligned to Common Core Standards and correlated to state standards.
Renaissance Italy and the Reformation | Explorers: Francis Drake
Sir Francis Drake (Britannica Middle School, n.d.)
Sir Francis Drake, (born c. 1540–43, Devonshire, England—died January 28, 1596, at sea, off Puerto Bello, Panama), English admiral who circumnavigated the globe (1577–80) and was the most renowned seaman of the Elizabethan Age. ("Francis Drake", n.d.)
Celebrity, Politics and Francis Drake (Bradley, 2017, pp. 3-4)
"The article presents the exploits of seaman Francis Drake, who is considered as the first seaman who successfully completed an expedition around the world in the late 1500s. Also cited are the positive impact of Drake's accomplishments on the seafaring sector in Great Britain, the key role played by Drake in Great Britain's victory in its war against the Spanish Armada, and the pamphlets chronicling Drake's works like "A Summarie and True Account of Sir Francis Drakes West Indian Voyage."" (Bradley, 2017, pp. 3-4)
Renaissance Italy and the Reformation | Explorers: Hernán Cortés
Hernán Cortés (Britannica High School, n.d.)
Hernán Cortés, (born 1485, Medellín, Castile [Spain] — died December 2, 1547, Castilleja de la Cuesta, Spain). The Spanish conquistador, or conqueror, he overthrew the Aztec Empire of Mexico in 1521. He thus captured the great wealth of the Aztec for Spain, and Mexico remained under Spanish rule for three centuries. ("Hernán Cortés", n.d.)
For their own good (Fuller, 2019, pp. 44-59)
"The article discusses the Spanish conquest of Mexico, justified by Spain as a necessity to save the indigenous peoples for holding wrong religious beliefs and committing human sacrifices. Topics include the writings of Bartolomé de las Casas addressed to King Philip II of Spain, "Brevíssima relación de la destrucción de las Indias (Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies)," the account of the conquest written by conquistador Hernán Cortés to King Charles V "Cartas de relacíon," and the spiritual conquest of Mexico by missions of Franciscans, Dominicans, and Augustinians." (Fuller, 2019, pp. 44-59)
Renaissance Italy and the Reformation | Explorers: John Cabot
Elizabethan America: 'God's own latitude?' (Cressy, 1986, pp. 44-51)
"Details the efforts and attempts made by the English population to establish a colony in America during the first Elizabethan period. Information on the exploration of John Cabot in 1497; Details of several voyages in America; Views of Elizabethan strategist regarding America; Description of the potential of the American interior for the English." (Cressy, 1986, pp. 44-51)
Renaissance Italy and the Reformation | Explorers: Marco Polo
Marco Polo (Britannica Middle School, n.d.)
Marco Polo, (born c. 1254, Venice [Italy]—died January 8, 1324, Venice), Venetian merchant and adventurer, who traveled from Europe to Asia in 1271–95, remaining in China for 17 of those years, and whose Il milione (“The Million”), known in English as the Travels of Marco Polo, is a classic of travel literature. ("Marco Polo", n.d.)
Renaissance Italy and the Reformation | Explorers: Vasco da Gama
Vasco da Gama
Vasco da Gama (Britannica Middle School, n.d.)
Vasco da Gama, (born c. 1460, Sines, Portugal—died December 24, 1524, Cochin, India), Portuguese navigator whose voyages to India (1497–99, 1502–03, 1524) opened up the sea route from western Europe to the East by way of the Cape of Good Hope. ("Vasco da Gama", n.d.)