Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Students understand the significant challenges and developments faced by the society that caused progress or decline, including the Reformation, Renaissance and Age of Exploration.
- What key beliefs and values emerged and how did they influence societies?
- Which significant people, groups and ideas from this period have influenced the world today?
When accessing content use the numbers below to guide you:
Brief, basic information laid out in an easy-to-read format. May use informal language. (Includes most news articles)
Provides additional background information and further reading. Introduces some subject-specific language.
Lengthy, detailed information. Frequently uses technical/subject-specific language. (Includes most analytical articles)
Renaissance Italy and the Reformation | Introduction
"Renaissance" (Britannica Middle, n.d.)
Renaissance, (French: “Rebirth”) period in European civilization immediately following the Middle Ages and conventionally held to have been characterized by a surge of interest in Classical scholarship and values. The Renaissance also witnessed the discovery and exploration of new continents, the substitution of the Copernican for the Ptolemaic system of astronomy, the decline of the feudal system and the growth of commerce, and the invention or application of such potentially powerful innovations as paper, printing, the mariner’s compass, and gunpowder. ("Renaissance", n.d.)
What were the social factors that led to the Renaissance in Italy? (Lambrecht & Whelan, 2019, Jan 28)
The Renaissance changed the history of Italy, Europe, and the world. It first emerged in Italy and this was no coincidence. Italian society in the period from 1350-1500 was one that was ideally suited for the development of a new culture and view of the world. The growing wealth and urbanization of Northern Italy meant that a new culture developed to replace the old medieval order and its values. (Lambrecht & Whelan, 2019, Jan 28)
Why did the Italian Renaissance End? (Whelan, 2018, Jan 31)
The Renaissance was one of the most important historical epochs, it produced a culture that created great works of art and provided the world, with the humanist view of life, which encouraged individualism and the use of reason. However, economic decline meant that there was less money for the arts and learning. The Spanish came to dominate the city-states and this meant that artists had less freedom of expression. Finally, the Counter-Reformation by enforcing Catholic Orthodoxy meant that artists, thinkers and writers were afraid to be as daring or original as they had been in the past. (Whelan, 2018, Jan 31)
Khan Academy online course
Arts and humanities Europe 1300-1600 Renaissance and after in Italy: 1500sToward the High Renaissance, an introduction.
Renaissance Italy and the Reformation | Introduction eBooks
The Renaissance: A Rebirth of Culture by
Publication Date: 2012
The Renaissance was a time of cultural rebirth. Allow students to learn all about life and education during the Renaissance in this engaging title. Readers will explore how artists created masterpieces and explored subjects like music, architecture, Renaissance religion, and new artistic movements like naturalism. The intriguing facts and beautiful images allow readers to see examples of Renaissance art from great artists like Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci. The easy-to-read text, table of contents, accessible glossary, and helpful index work together to create a captivating reading experience. This book also includes an in-class writing activity to further students' understanding of the trade of painting during the Renaissance.
Great Ideas of the Renaissance by
Publication Date: 2009
Great Ideas of the Renaissance surveys the major advances that were made in art, architecture, sculpture, science, medicine, transportation, and culture. Merchants, monarchs, and religious leaders all promoted and encouraged creativity, and artists, scientists, and great thinkers pushed back the frontiers of philosophy, the arts, mathematics, and technology.
Cities and Statecraft in the Renaissance by
Publication Date: 2009
Cities and Statecraft in the Renaissance looks at the rise of trade, commerce, guilds, and the merchant and ruling classes in northern Europe. This influenced the growth of towns, cities, states, and regions, who competed with one another for power, artistic talent, and creativity. At the same time, people rich and poor were struggling to establish new forms of society and government.
The Renaissance in Europe by
Publication Date: 2009
Come inside to see how the European Renaissance came to be! Meet those most notably involved in this engrossing era. Take a look inside a typical Renaissance home. Follow along as great strides were made in trade, exploration, religion, architecture, and the arts.
A Short History of the Italian Renaissance by
Publication Date: 2015
The extraordinary creative energy of Renaissance Italy lies at the root of modern Western culture. In her elegant new introduction, Virginia Cox offers a fresh vision of this iconic moment in European cultural history, when - between the fourteenth and sixteenth centuries - Italy led the world in painting, building, science and literature. Her book explores key artistic, literary and intellectual developments, but also histories of food and fashion, map-making, exploration and anatomy. Alongside towering figures such as Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Raphael, Petrarch, Machiavelli and Isabella d'Este, Cox reveals a cast of lesser-known protagonists including printers, travel writers, actresses, courtesans, explorers, inventors and even celebrity chefs. At the same time, Italy's rich regional diversity is emphasised; in addition to the great artistic capitals of Florence, Rome and Venice, smaller but cutting-edge centres such as Ferrara, Mantua, Bologna, Urbino and Siena are given their due.As the author demonstrates, women played a far more prominent role in this exhilarating resurgence than was recognized until very recently - both as patrons of art and literature and as creative artists themselves. 'Renaissance woman', she boldly argues, is as important a legacy as 'Renaissance man'.
Renaissance Italy and the Reformation | The plague and the Renaissance
A time of change [plague and the Renaissance] (Flatt, 2010, pp. 4-6)
The Renaissance began soon after the first deadly outbreak of bubonic plague.... Many people died from the plague, and the drop in population had a huge impact on the economy and how people lived.... Cities were hit hardest but recovered faster than rural areasas they offered more jobs and opportunities.... The growth of trade gave cities anincreased importance in Renaissancesociety. Urban areas increased in size anda new group of people who had moneyemerged. These new rich people wanted asay in how their cities were governed.
Renaissance Italy (c.1400 – c.1600) | Curriculum Alignment and Metadata
This Mentone Girls' Grammar School LibGuide supports the following Victorian curriculum outcomes. Click on the links to explore more.