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Source: Digital montage by Black, S. (2019). Illustration: (Park, A, 2015). Additional images: (World Health Organization, 2006).
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Brief, basic information laid out in an easy-to-read format. May use informal language. (Includes most news articles)
Provides additional background information and further reading. Introduces some subject-specific language.
Lengthy, detailed information. Frequently uses technical/subject-specific language. (Includes most analytical articles)
Philosophers and other thinkers have grappled with the idea of society and how we are to live together.
The social contract is implied in many of our democracies today and is underpinned by philosophical thinking.
What rules and assumptions underpin a well-functioning society?
The social contract | Keywords
The social contract | Introduction
Social contract (Britannica High, n.d.)
"Social contract, in political philosophy, an actual or hypothetical compact, or agreement, between the ruled and their rulers, defining the rights and duties of each." ("Social contract", n.d.)
What Is Ethical Egoism? Should I Always Pursue Only My Own Self-Interest? (Thought.Co)
"Ethical egoism is the view that each of us ought to pursue our own self-interest, and no-one has any obligation to promote anyone else’s interests." (Westacott, 2019)
The Basic Principles of Utilitarianism The axioms of the moral theory that seeks to maximize happiness (Thought.Co)
"Utilitarianism is one of the most important and influential moral theories of modern times... Utilitarianism gets its name from the term "utility," which in this context does not mean "useful" but, rather, means pleasure or happiness." (Westacott, 2019)
The Social Contract (Thompson, 2010, pp. 221-224)
"For Hobbes and Locke, the moral justification for the actions of the state is utilitarian, the moral theory that seeks ‘the greatest happiness for the greatest number’ as formulated by both Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill (see his essays On Liberty and On Representative Government ),.... Government is established by the people and for the benefit of the people." (Thompson, 2010, pp. 221-224)
Utilitarianism, (Dimmock & Fisher, 2017)
CHAPTER 1 Utilitarianism in Ethics for A-Level
The social contract | Videos
A brief description of the "Social Contract" theory and how it has impacted the outcome of the Enlightenment. this YouTube video includes a Quizlet on vocabulary. (The Oxford Observer, 2015)
When using this video don't forget to cite and reference your sources. For more information and help see the Kerferd Library referencing guide and / or CiteMaker.
In text reference / citation: The Oxford Observer (2015) or (The Oxford Observer, 2015)
Bibliography / Reference list: The Oxford Observer, (2015). The Enlightenment: Social Contract, [eVideo]. The Oxford Observer. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/Av6R8QfgZ48
The Social Contract | Curriculum Alignment and Metadata
This Mentone Girls' Grammar School LibGuide supports the following Victorian curriculum outcomes. Click on the links to explore more.