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Source: Melbourne,1836. Reinhold Hofmann (1886?). [Online image]. Retrieved from the State Library of Victoria.
"An enduring image of Melbourne’s founding is that of John Batman being rowed up the Yarra, and the declaration found in his journal: ‘this will be the place for a Village’." (Rogers, 2018, pp.18)
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Brief, basic information laid out in an easy-to-read format. May use informal language. (Includes most news articles)
Provides additional background information and further reading. Introduces some subject-specific language.
Lengthy, detailed information. Frequently uses technical/subject-specific language. (Includes most analytical articles)
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Melbourne City past and present | Overview: Keywords
Click on the terms to access a simple definition from Lexico, the online Oxford Dictionary. Alternative sources are marked with a #.
Australia Felix #, Squatter, Land rush, Treaty
Sustainable Development Goals | Alignment
This Melbourne City guide is aligned to the following UN Sustainable Development Goals. Click on the tiles to explore more.
Melbourne City past and present | Overview: Articles
Melbourne City past and present | Overview: eBooks
The Civilisation of Port Phillip: Settler Ideology, Violence, and Rhetorical Possession by
Publication Date: 2018
Port Phillip's free settlers often said that they were civilising a wilderness. The truth was that the occupied country already had people, laws, politics, and economies. What did ‘civilisation'mean to the free settlers? And what was the relationship between civilising and violence? The Civilisation of Port Phillip tracks the violent history of the first years of British settlement in the Port Phillip District, now the state of Victoria. It illuminates the underlying free-settler rhetoric that advocated and abetted violence on the frontier. For the first time, we hear the settlers tell us in their own words what the civilisation of Port Phillip really involved. Frontier violence in Port Phillip involved Aboriginal peoples, convicts, free settlers and colonial officials. This history shows how the lives of these different people interconnected in early Port Phillip, in unlikely friendships, dire misunderstandings, and fatal clashes. It paints a vivid picture of the period drawn from archival records, a thorough re-reading of older histories, and new ideas in the scholarship of violence. As well as sheep and firearms, free settlers brought Enlightenment ideas about civilisation to Port Phillip. When these European ideas were coupled with Australian frontier experience, they manifested in an exterminatory attitude towards people deemed undesirable in the coming colony. The Civilisation of Port Phillip shows how free-settler rhetoric, law, and systems of classification reinforced and sought to justify the violence of the frontier.
See also the following chapter:
Chapter 5. Captain Foster Fyans [First settlers’ fear of organised Aboriginal resistance to settlement] (Rogers, 2018, pp. 64-78)
"Port Phillip’s settlers repeatedly asserted that the British settlement of the District had been accomplished entirely by private enterprise. Melbourne did, after all, have its origins in the dreams and actions of a cabal of investors. The men who believed in private enterprise resented the authority of Sydney—but only when it opposed their interests… The idea of Port Phillip as a place of private enterprise has continued to be a central part of the story of Victoria. Although the importance of private enterprise cannot be denied, it can be overstated. " (Rogers, 2018, pp. 64-78)
Chapter 6. Free settler ideologies (Rogers, 2018, pp. 79-90)
"The free settler ideology in the Australian colonies, as with settler ideologies elsewhere, was underpinned by… a ‘logic of elimination’. In Port Phillip, this elimination was not only the ‘elimination of the native’… but also the elimination of all alternative ideologies [free settler versus convicts]. These twin processes—the progress industry and the logic of elimination—form the final act of the struggle for Port Phillip." (Rogers, 2018, pp. 79-90)
Melbourne City past and present | Overview: Online resources
Melbourne City past and present | Overview: Videos
Melbourne City past and present | Overview: Curriculum alignment
This Mentone Girls' Grammar School LibGuide supports the following Victorian curriculum outcomes. Click on the links to explore more.