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Mentone Girls' Grammar School | Kerferd Library

Homelessness in Australia: Overview

Source: Black, S. (2020).

"Homelessness is not 'rooflessness'. A home means security, stability, privacy, safety, and being able to control your space." (Council to Homeless Persons, n.d.)

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Resource Key

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Brief, basic information laid out in an easy-to-read format. May use informal language. (Includes most news articles)


Provides additional background information and further reading. Introduces some subject-specific language.

Level 3 resourceLEVEL

Lengthy, detailed information. Frequently uses technical/subject-specific language. (Includes most analytical articles)

Homelessness in Australia | Clickview

Homelessness in Australia | Overview: Keywords

Level 1Keywords
Click on the terms to access a simple definition from Lexico, the online Oxford Dictionary.

Couch-surfing, Homeless, Parity, Poverty, Poverty line, Shelter

Sustainable Development Goals | Alignment

This guide is aligned to the following UN Sustainable Development Goals. Click on the tiles to explore more.

Sustainable Development Goal 1 | No PovertySustainable Development Goal 2 | Zero HungerSustainable Development Goal 3 | Health and WellbeingSustainable Development Goal 8 | Decent work & economic growthSustainable Development Goal 10 | Reduced inequalitySustainable Development Goal 11 | Sustainable CommunitiesSustainable Development Goal 12.3: Food wasteSustainable Development Goal 16 | Peace & justice

Definitions: Poverty versus Inequality

Level 2 resourceWhat is poverty?

Poverty is a relative concept used to describe the people in a society that cannot participate in the activities that most people take for granted. The Australian Council of Social Service (ACOSS) uses the following definitions:

  • "Deprivation: Looking at the essential items people are missing out on.
  • Poverty lines: A level of income, below which people are regarded as living in poverty.
  • Relative poverty: This is when poverty is measured against something that can change. It means that poverty is measured against a standard that is unacceptably low in a given point in time.
  • Absolute poverty: This is when a household or person does not have enough income for even a basic acceptable standard of living, or to meet basic living needs. The threshold for absolute poverty varies between developed and developing countries.
  • Extreme poverty: When people are living on an income below the international poverty line set by the World Bank of $1.90 a day.
  • Poverty gap: The average difference between the poverty line and the disposable income of households living below that poverty line." (ACOSS, n.d.)
What is inequality?
  • Inequality means the unequal distribution within society of income, wealth and goods. The Australian Council of Social Service (ACOSS) measures inequality in two ways: income inequality and wealth inequality. (ACOSS, n.d.)

For more details see the ACOSS Frequently Asked Questions.

Homelessness in Australia | Overview: Articles

Level 2Articles

Homelessness in Australia | Overview: eBooks

Level 1 resourceUsing eBooks off campus help and instructionsClick on the following book covers to place a hold in the library catalogue or access the book online. If prompted, sign in with your School mConnect user name and password.

Level 2 resource

Insert Subject | Overview: Online resources

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