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Mentone Girls' Grammar School | Kerferd Library

Sustainable Development Goal 7 | Affordable and clean energy: Overview

All of School guide to support: Global citizenship [SCoT], Sustainable development [ScOT.1050] and Ethical understanding [acgc.7]

Source: Black, S. (2019).

"Energy is central to nearly every major challenge and opportunity the world faces today. Be it for jobs, security, climate change, food production or increasing incomes, access to energy for all is essential. Sustainable energy is opportunity – it transforms lives, economies and the planet." (United Nations, n.d.

Referencing Notice Don't forget to cite and reference your sources. For help see the Junior School or Senior School referencing guides, and / or CiteMaker.
Resource Key

When accessing content use the numbers below to guide you:


Brief, basic information laid out in an easy-to-read format. May use informal language. (Includes most news articles)


Provides additional background information and further reading. Introduces some subject-specific language.

Level 3 resourceLEVEL

Lengthy, detailed information. Frequently uses technical/subject-specific language. (Includes most analytical articles)

Goal 7: Affordable clean energy | Current status

InstructionsStatisticsThe share of renewables for generation of electricity is expected to reach 30 % by 2024. But electricity makes up just 18% of total world energy. Most of the other 82% is heat and transportation. Renewable energy is on the rise but still make up a small share of the TOTAL global energy consumption - about 4 %. See also The World Counts for more details as well as information about the statistics that form the basis of this counter.

Australian Energy Market: Live supply and demand by state and energy source

InstructionsThe following Renew Economy graph shows you how much energy is currently being produced and consumed in Australia by state and energy source. Mouse over the graph to see how much energy is being produced at the moment by renewable and non renewable sources. Click on the blue info icon for more information about this interactive widget.

Goal 7: Affordable clean energy | Introduction

Level 1 resourceFilm and videoTo view this video on campus remember to first login to your school Google account using your mConnect username and password. Click here for more help on using YouTube on campus.

United Nations - Global Agenda for Accelerated Action on Sustainable Energy.


When using this video don't forget to cite and reference your sources. For more information and help see the Kerferd Library referencing guide and / or CiteMaker.
In text reference / citation: United Nations (2018) or (United Nations, 2018)
Bibliography / Reference list: United Nations (2018). Global Action on Sustainable Energy, [eVideo]. United Nations, Retrieved from

There are many benefits to using renewable energy resources, but what is it exactly? From solar to wind, find out more about alternative energy, the fastest-growing source of energy in the world—and how we can use it to combat climate change.


When using this video don't forget to cite and reference your sources. For more information and help see the Kerferd Library referencing guide and / or CiteMaker.
In text reference / citation: National Geographic (2017) or (National Geographic, 2017)
Bibliography / Reference list: National Geographic (2017). Renewable Energy 101 | National Geographic, [eVideo]. Retrieved from

Goal 7: Affordable clean energy | Facts & Figures

Level 1Statistics

Facts & Figures Global Targets

1.7 billion

Between 1990 and 2010, the number of people with access to electricity increased by 1.7 billion.

1 in 7

One in seven people still lacks access to electricity; most of them live in rural areas of the developing world.


Energy is the dominant contributor to climate change, accounting for around 60 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions.


Adopting stronger efficiency standards could reduce global electricity consumption by buildings and industry by 14 percent.

3 billion​

More than 40 percent of the world’s population, 3 billion people, rely on polluting and unhealthy fuels for cooking.


Globally, as of 2011, more than 20 percent of power is generated through renewable sources.
  • By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services.
  • By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix.
  • By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency.
  • By 2030, enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel technology, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology.
  • By 2030, expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States, and land-locked developing countries, in accordance with their respective programs of support.

When using these figures don't forget to cite and reference your sources. For more information and help see the Kerferd Library referencing guide and / or CiteMaker.

In text citation: (United Nations Development Programme, 2018) or United Nations Development Programme (2018)

Bibliography / Reference list: United Nations Development Programme. (2018). Sustainable Development Goals, 7: Affordable and clean Energy, facts and figures. Retrieved from

In Focus | Atlas of sustainable development goals 2018

Level 3Level 2NOTE: This World Bank Atlas contains current data that tracks the opportunities, challenges, and issues relating to the various Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). It is suitable as a PYP provocation for year 6. It can also be used to include empirical data and statistical evidence into Senior School classes.

Goal 7: Affordable clean energy | Online Resources

Level 2

Goal 7: Affordable clean energy | Take Action

Show leadership / take actionLeadership Challenge / Opportunity

The use of clean energy directly impacts on climate change and involves all of us: as individuals, as a school, as a community, as a country. How can you rise to the challenge, show leadership, and help make a difference to the energy you use and therefore your impact on climate change?  Explore the following Victorian Take2 pledge and consider what action you can take. See also the following Victorian ResourceSmart llnk to see what other schools and communities are doing to make a difference.


When using this video don't forget to cite and reference your sources. For more information and help see the Kerferd Library referencing guide and / or CiteMaker.
In text reference / citation: Sustainability Victoria (2016) or (Sustainability Victoria, 2016)
Bibliography / Reference list: Sustainability Victoria (2016). Pledge to TAKE2 and be a part of Victoria’s action on climate change , [eVideo]. Retrieved from rpKnYPRxugo

Sustainable Development Goal 7 | Affordable clean energy: Curriculum alignment

Level 1Victorian CurriculumAustralian Curriculum AlignmentThis Mentone Girls' Grammar School Sustainable Development Goals LibGuide supports the following Australian and Victorian curriculum outcomes.

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