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Sustainable Development Goal 2 | Zero Hunger: Overview

All of School guide to support: Global citizenship [SCoT], Sustainable development [ScOT.1050] and Ethical understanding [acgc.7]

Source: Encyclopædia Britannica (2019).

"It is time to rethink how we grow, share and consume our food. Right now, our soils, freshwater, oceans, forests and biodiversity are being rapidly degraded. A profound change of the global food and agriculture system is needed if we are to nourish today’s 815 million hungry and the additional 2 billion people expected by 2050. The food and agriculture sector offers key solutions for development, and is central for hunger and poverty eradication." (United Nations, n.d.)

Referencing Notice Don't forget to cite and reference your sources. For help see the Junior School or Senior School referencing guides, and / or CiteMaker.
Resource Key

When accessing content use the numbers below to guide you:

LEVEL

Brief, basic information laid out in an easy-to-read format. May use informal language. (Includes most news articles)

LEVEL

Provides additional background information and further reading. Introduces some subject-specific language.

Level 3 resourceLEVEL

Lengthy, detailed information. Frequently uses technical/subject-specific language. (Includes most analytical articles)

Goal 2 | Zero Hunger: Introduction videos

Level 1eVideo

United Nations - “Ending poverty and hunger” is part of a UN short film series "The Story You are Shaping" produced by HUMAN, which premiered at the UN Sustainable Development Summit 2015.  

Source

When using this video don't forget to cite and reference your sources. For more information and help see the Kerferd Library referencing guide and / or CiteMaker.
In text reference / citation: Olinger (2015) or (Olinger, 2015)
Bibliography / Reference list: Olinger, J (2015). Fostering Sustainable Economic Growth, Ending poverty and hunger, [eVideo]. United Nations and HUMAN thehumanstory.com, Retrieved from https://youtu.be/j7KKZ6v5o34

Source

When using this video don't forget to cite and reference your sources. For more information and help see the Kerferd Library referencing guide and / or CiteMaker.
In text reference / citation: Agriculture in Education (2015) or (Agriculture in Education, 2015)
Bibliography / Reference list: Agriculture in Education (2015). Introduction to Food Security., [eVideo]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/VCYeLuURxRM

"The latest edition of The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World (SOFI 2019) gives an updated estimate of the number of hungry people in the world, including regional and national breakdowns, and the latest data on child stunting and wasting as well as on adult and child obesity." (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2019)

Source

When using this video don't forget to cite and reference your sources. For more information and help see the Kerferd Library referencing guide and / or CiteMaker.
In text reference / citation: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2019) or (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2019)
Bibliography / Reference list: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2019). The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World., [eVideo]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/zkyIDfglf2Y

Sustainable Development Goal 2 | Zero Hunger: Definitions

Level 1What is meant by Hunger?

"The problem of hunger is complex, and different terms are used to describe its various forms.

  • Hunger is usually understood to refer to the distress associated with a lack of sufficient calories. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) defines food deprivation, or undernourishment, as the consumption of too few calories to provide the minimum amount of dietary energy that each individual requires to live a healthy and productive life, given that person’s sex, age, stature, and physical activity level (1).
  • Undernutrition goes beyond calories and signifies deficiencies in any or all of the following: energy, protein, and/ or essential vitamins and minerals. Undernutrition is the result of inadequate intake of food in terms of either quantity or quality, poor utilization of nutrients due to infections or other illnesses, or a combination of these factors. These, in turn, are caused by a range of factors, including household food insecurity; inadequate maternal health or childcare practices; or inadequate access to health services, safe water, and sanitation.
  • Malnutrition refers more broadly to both undernutrition (problems caused by deficiencies) and overnutrition (problems caused by unbalanced diets, such as consuming too many calories in relation to requirements with or without low intake of micronutrient-rich foods).

References:

  1. The average minimum dietary energy requirement varies by country—from about 1,650 to more than 2,000 kilocalories (commonly, albeit incorrectly, referred to as calories) per person per day for all countries with available data in 2016 (FAO 2017).

Source: Global Hunger Index. (n.d.). The Concept of the Global Hunger Index. Retrieved from https://www.globalhungerindex.org/about.html

InstructionsThe following chart outlines how the Global Hunger Index maps hunger the different forms of hunger back to the UN Sustainable Development Goals. When using this graph and the information it contains don't forget to reference your sources. See the reference information at the bottom of the image for details.

 

Reference / citation: Global Hunger Index (n.d.) or (Global Hunger Index, n.d.)
Reference / Bibliography: Global Hunger Index. (n.d.). Composition of the Global Hunger Index. Retrieved from https://www.globalhungerindex.org/about.html

Goal 2 | Zero Hunger: Facts & Figures

Level 1Statistics

 
Facts & Figures Global Targets

795 million

One in nine people in the world today is undernourished; that’s 795 million people.

1 in 4

A quarter of children suffer from stunted growth. In some developing countries, it’s as high as one in three.

150 million

If women farmers had the same access to resources as men, the number of hungry people in the world could be reduced by 150 million.

67%

Asia is the continent with the most hungry people, two thirds of the total.

40%

Agriculture is the world’s largest employer, providing livelihoods for 40 percent of the global population.

75%

Since the 1900s, some 75 percent of crop diversity has been lost from farmers’ fields.
  • By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round.
  • By 2030, end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and older persons.
  • By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment.
  • By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality.
  • By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed.
  • Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular least developed countries.
  • Correct and prevent trade restrictions and distortions in world agricultural markets, including through the parallel elimination of all forms of agricultural export subsidies and all export measures with equivalent effect, in accordance with the mandate of the Doha Development Round.
  • Adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food commodity markets and their derivatives and facilitate timely access to market information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit extreme food price volatility.
Source

When using these figures don't forget to cite and reference your sources. For more information and help see the Kerferd Library referencing guide and / or CiteMaker.

In text citation: (United Nations Development Programme, 2018) or United Nations Development Programme (2018)

Bibliography / Reference list: United Nations Development Programme. (2018). Sustainable Development Goals, 2: zero hunger, facts and figures. Retrieved from http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/sustainable-development-goals/goal-2-zero-hunger.html

Goal 2 | Zero Hunger: Books and eBooks

Level 3 resourceLevel 2 resourceLevel 1 resourceeBookTo view the eBooks off campus follow the link. If prompted, sign in with your School mConnect user name and password.

Goal 2 | Zero Hunger: Track progress

Use the following links to see how Australia, and the world, are tracking to meet this goal.Level 3StatisticsDatabases

Australia's progress
International progress

Goal 2 | Zero Hunger: Online Resources

Level 1

Instructions
The following infographic show how the Global Hunger Index measures hunger

Sustainable Development Goal 2 | Zero Hunger: Curriculum alignment

Level 1Victorian CurriculumAustralian Curriculum AlignmentThis Mentone Girls' Grammar School Sustainable Development Goals LibGuide supports the following Australian and Victorian curriculum outcomes.


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