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Sustainable Development Goal 14 | Life below water: Overview

All of School guide to support: Global citizenship [SCoT], Sustainable development [ScOT.1050] and Ethical understanding [acgc.7]

Source: Black, S. (2019).

"The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. Our rainwater, drinking water, weather, climate, coastlines, much of our food, and even the oxygen in the air we breathe, are all ultimately provided and regulated by the sea... Careful management of this essential global resource is a key feature of a sustainable future." (United Nations, n.d.)

Referencing Notice Don't forget to cite and reference your sources. For help see the Junior School or Senior School referencing guides, and / or CiteMaker.
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LEVEL

Brief, basic information laid out in an easy-to-read format. May use informal language. (Includes most news articles)

LEVEL

Provides additional background information and further reading. Introduces some subject-specific language.

Level 3 resourceLEVEL

Lengthy, detailed information. Frequently uses technical/subject-specific language. (Includes most analytical articles)

Goal 14: Life below water | Introductory videos

Level 1eVideo

United Nations - What are the major threats to oceans today? Andrew Hudson, Head of Water and Ocean Governance at the UN Development Programme explains the state of life below water, and why protecting oceans and achieving economic growth can go hand in hand. 

Source

When using this video don't forget to cite and reference your sources. For more information and help see the Kerferd Library referencing guide and / or CiteMaker.
In text reference / citation: Hudson (2015) or (Hudson, 2015)
Bibliography / Reference list: Hudson, N (2015). Sustainable Development Goals Explained: Life below water, [eVideo]. United Nations, Retrieved from https://youtu.be/N3nnyj998BI

In this video, EarthAgain talk about the fourteenth of the sustainable development goals, which is all about supporting life below water and keeping water sources clean.

Source

When using this video don't forget to cite and reference your sources. For more information and help see the Kerferd Library referencing guide and / or CiteMaker.
In text reference / citation: EarthAgain (2017) or (EarthAgain, 2017)
Bibliography / Reference list: EarthAgain (2017). UN Sustainable Development Goal 14 | Life below water [eVideo]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/pBn8ZCQvFoo

Goal 14: Life below water | Facts & Figures

Level 1Statistics

 
Facts & Figures Global Targets

75%

The ocean covers three quarters of the Earth's surface and represents 99 percent of the living space on the planet by volume.

200,000

The ocean contains nearly 200,000 identified species, but actual numbers may lie in the millions

40%

As much as 40 percent of the ocean is heavily affected by pollution, depleted fisheries, loss of coastal habitats and other human activities.

30%

The ocean absorbs about 30 percent of carbon dioxide produced by humans, buffering the impacts of global warming.

3 billion

More than 3 billion people depend on marine and coastal biodiversity for their livelihoods.

USD $3 trillion

Globally, the market value of marine and coastal resources and industries is estimated at USD $3 trillion per year, about 5 percent of global GDP.

  • By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution.
  • By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans.
  • Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels.
  • By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics.
  • By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information.
  • By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation.
  • By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism.
  • Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries.
  • Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets.
  • Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want.
Source

When using these figures don't forget to cite and reference your sources. For more information and help see the Kerferd Library referencing guide and / or CiteMaker.

In text citation: (United Nations Development Programme, 2018) or United Nations Development Programme (2018)

Bibliography / Reference list: United Nations Development Programme. (2018). Sustainable Development Goals, 14:Life below the sea, facts and figures. Retrieved from http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/sustainable-development-goals/goal-14-life-below-water.html

Goal 14: Life below water | Online Resources

Level 2

Level 3

Goal 14 | Life below water: Track Progress

Use the following links to see how Australia, and the world, are tracking to meet this goal.Level 3StatisticsDatabases

Australia's progress
International progress

Goal 14. Life below water | Australian Curriculum Metadata

Level 1Victorian CurriculumAustralian Curriculum AlignmentThis Mentone Girls' Grammar School Sustainable Development Goals LibGuide supports the following Australian and Victorian curriculum outcomes.


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