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Source: Encyclopædia Britannica (2019).
"Poverty is more than the lack of income and resources to ensure a sustainable livelihood. Its manifestations include hunger and malnutrition, limited access to education and other basic services, social discrimination and exclusion as well as the lack of participation in decision-making. Economic growth must be inclusive to provide sustainable jobs and promote equality." (United Nations, n.d.)
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Brief, basic information laid out in an easy-to-read format. May use informal language. (Includes most news articles)
Provides additional background information and further reading. Introduces some subject-specific language.
Lengthy, detailed information. Frequently uses technical/subject-specific language. (Includes most analytical articles)
Goal 1 | No Poverty: Leadership
As a global citizen how can I show leadership?
- "Make a donation to a charity that focuses on reducing poverty.
- Support campaigns collecting items for victims of emergencies. Donate your clothes, food supplies etc. to support those in need.
- Donate what you don’t use. Local charities will give your gently used clothes, books and furniture a new life.
- Poverty still persists in every country. Over 8% of the world population lives in extreme poverty. Lend your voice to the fight against extreme poverty.
- Stay informed. Follow your local news and stay in touch with the Global Goals online or on social media at @TheGlobalGoals.
(The Global Goals, n.d.)
Definitions: Poverty versus Inequality
What is poverty?
Poverty is a relative concept used to describe the people in a society that cannot participate in the activities that most people take for granted. The Australian Council of Social Service (ACOSS) uses the following definitions:
- "Deprivation: Looking at the essential items people are missing out on.
- Poverty lines: A level of income, below which people are regarded as living in poverty.
- Relative poverty: This is when poverty is measured against something that can change. It means that poverty is measured against a standard that is unacceptably low in a given point in time.
- Absolute poverty: This is when a household or person does not have enough income for even a basic acceptable standard of living, or to meet basic living needs. The threshold for absolute poverty varies between developed and developing countries.
- Extreme poverty: When people are living on an income below the international poverty line set by the World Bank of $1.90 a day.
- Poverty gap: The average difference between the poverty line and the disposable income of households living below that poverty line." (ACOSS, n.d.)
What is inequality?
- Inequality means the unequal distribution within society of income, wealth and goods. The Australian Council of Social Service (ACOSS) measures inequality in two ways: income inequality and wealth inequality. (ACOSS, n.d.)
For more details see the ACOSS Frequently Asked Questions.
Goal 1 | No Poverty: Articles
In Focus | Atlas of sustainable development goals 2018
Atlas of sustainable development goals 2018 : from world development indicators. by
Publication Date: 2018
The Atlas of Sustainable Development Goals 2018 is a visual guide to the trends, challenges and measurement issues related to each of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals. The Atlas features maps and data visualizations, primarily drawn from World Development Indicators (WDI) - the World Bank’s compilation of internationally comparable statistics about global development and the quality of people’s lives.
Given the breadth and scope of the SDGs, the editors have been selective, emphasizing issues considered important by experts in the World Bank’s Global Practices and Cross Cutting Solution Areas. Nevertheless, The Atlas aims to reflect the breadth of the Goals themselves and presents national and regional trends and snapshots of progress towards the UN’s seventeen Sustainable Development Goals related to: poverty, hunger, health, education, gender, water, energy, jobs, infrastructure, inequalities, cities, consumption, climate, oceans, the environment, peace, institutions, and partnerships.
Citation: “World Bank. 2018. Atlas of Sustainable Development Goals 2018 : From World Development Indicators. World Bank Atlas;. Washington, DC: World Bank. © World Bank. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/29788 License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.”
NOTE: This World Bank Atlas contains current data that tracks the opportunities, challenges, and issues relating to the various Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). It is suitable as a PYP provocation for year 6. It can also be used to include empirical data and statistical evidence into Senior School classes.
Goal 1 | No Poverty: eBooks
Click on the book cover or citation to view the eBooks. If prompted, sign in with your School mConnect user name and password.
Poverty: Essential Issues by
Publication Date: 2010
This title examines one of the world's critical issues, poverty. Readers will learn the historical background of the issue, leading up to its current and future impact on society. Discusses the historical background of poverty, causes of poverty, as well as the effects of poverty, including homelessness, poor education, and poor mental and physical health.
Ending poverty and hunger by
Call Number: 362.5 AND
Publication Date: 2007
Looks at the issue of poverty is being tackled by the United Nations Millennium Development plans and explains how situations are being changed for the better. Real-life case studies allow the reader to see how children are being affected by the issues.
Poverty: What if we do nothing? by
Call Number: 339.46 SEN
Publication Date: 2007
Patterns of poverty - Environment and resources -Global trade - Aid and development - Population explosion - Food solutions -Growth of fair trade - Heavily indebted poor countries - Debt relief - Aid and development - Campaign to end poverty.
Global Poverty and Wealth Inequality [Issues in Society] by
Publication Date: 2019
Topics: Economics / Welfare
Despite marked progress in poverty reduction over recent decades, the number of people living in poverty remains unacceptably high. More than 790 million people live in extreme poverty, surviving on less than $1.90 a day. Why is there still so much poverty in the world; how is it measured; and what is being done by way of trade, debt relief and aid to achieve the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goal 1: End poverty in all its forms everywhere? By contrast, many around the world have never had it so good. Global income and wealth inequality is on the rise: 82% of the wealth generated last year went to the richest 1% of the global population, while the poorest half of the world’s people saw no increase in their wealth. Just eight men own the same wealth as half the world. What are the causes of this staggering inequality, and how can we achieve the UN’s Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries? Using data and analysis from the latest key reports, this book provides an overview of the extremes between wealth and poverty. Can the world afford to let the gap widen any further?
Nutrition and Poverty by
Publication Date: 2014
Around the world, people living in poverty struggle to support themselves and their families, falling victim to starvation and malnutrition. Without means, many millions go hungry each day. Learn more about the ties between poverty and nutrition, in both developed and developing nations. Find out how the world is coming together to battle hunger and poverty. Discover the facts about poverty, including its complicated causes and devastating effects.
Children Living in Poverty: Issues in Society, Vol. 371 by
Publication Date: 2014
Globally, 400 million children are living in extreme poverty; nearly 600,000 Australian children live in relative poverty. What are the absolute and relative measures of poverty and deprivation for children in developing and developed countries? How does poverty impact children's health, development and wellbeing? How can impoverished children be given a better chance in life? The prevalence and problems of child poverty are explored from a global and Australian perspective. Also includes: worksheets and activities, fast facts, glossary, web links, index. Titles in the Issues in Society series are individual resource books which provide an overview on a specific subject comprised of facts and opinions. The information in this resource book is not from any single author, publication or organisation. The unique value of the Issues in Society series lies in its diversity of content and perspectives. The content comes from a wide variety of sources and includes: newspaper reports and opinion pieces, website fact sheets, magazine and journal articles, statistics and surveys, government reports, and literature from special interest groups.
Poverty and Social Exclusion: Issues in Society, v. 320 by
Publication Date: 2011
'Poverty persists in Australia despite the opportunities available in such an affluent country. How is poverty in Australia defined? What is absolute poverty as opposed to relative poverty, and who are the affected groups in our community? What are the causes of poverty? At a time when the national economy has avoided the major impacts of a global recession, why do so many Australians still experience financial hardship, housing stress and income inequality?
A Unified Approach to Measuring Poverty and Inequality by
Publication Date: 2013
'A Unified Approach to Measuring Poverty and Inequality: Theory and Practice' is an introduction to the theory and practice of measuring poverty and inequality, as well as a user's guide for analyzing income or consumption distribution for any standard household dataset using the World Bank's ADePT software. The approach taken here considers income standards as building blocks for basic measurement, then uses them to construct inequality and poverty measures. This unified approach provides advantages in interpreting and contrasting the measures and in understanding the way measures vary over time and space.Several recent initiatives have lowered the cost of accessing household datasets. The ADePT software enables users to analyze microdata from household surveys and other sources and generate print-ready, standardized tables and charts. It can also be used to simulate the impact of economic shocks, cash transfers and other policy instruments on poverty, and inequality. The software automates analysis, helps minimize human errors, and encourages development of new economic analysis methods. Of interest to teachers and students as well as to policy practitioners, 'A Unified Approach to Measuring Poverty and Inequality' will empower researchers to plumb greater depths in searching for regularity in larger and larger datasets. This book should help to enrich discussion and analysis relating to the World Bank's recent effort toward defining new targets and indicators for promoting work on eradicating poverty and enhancing shared prosperity.
Goal 1 | No Poverty: Track Progress
Goal 1 | No Poverty: Online resources
Poverty in Australia, (ACOSS, n.d.)
Australian poverty and inequality data and reports from Australian Council of Social Service (ACOSS)
What is poverty? Poverty is a relative concept used to describe the people in a society that cannot participate in the activities that most people take for granted. While many Australians juggle payments of bills, people living in poverty have to make difficult choices – such as skipping a meal to pay for a child’s textbooks. (ACOSS, n.d.)
Child Poverty, (UNICEF, 2018)
Information, statistics and resources on child poverty from the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
Data and publications relating to poverty, (International Labour Orgnisation, 2018)
Breaking the cycle of poverty involves full employment and decent work. Evidence shows that decent and productive jobs, sustainable enterprises and economic transformation play a key role in reducing poverty.
Individual Deprivation Measure (IDM)
The Individual Deprivation Measure (IDM) is a new, gender-sensitive and multidimensional measure of poverty. It has been developed to assess deprivation at the individual level and overcome the limitations of current approaches which measure poverty at the household level.
No Poverty, (United Nations Development Programme, 2018)
Information, statistics and case studies on how the world is fighting poverty.
Understanding poverty, (World Bank, 2018)
Research, reports, data, and case studies on global poverty from the World Bank.
World Inequality Database
The World Inequality Database (WID.world) aims to provide open and convenient access to the most extensive available database on the historical evolution of the world distribution of income and wealth, both within countries and between countries.
Goal 1 | No Poverty: Australian Statistics