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Mentone Girls' Grammar School | Kerferd Library

Global Indigenous Understanding: Overview

A libguide to highlight the fact that indigenous people exist throughout the world, and face similar problems.

Source: Photos on this banner are part of The World in Faces, a photo project by Alexander Khimushin. (International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs, 2019).

Referencing Notice Don't forget to cite and reference your sources. For help see the Junior School or Senior School referencing guides, and / or CiteMaker.

Mentone Girls Grammar School 2019 definition: Global citizenship

Global Citizenship
Mentone Girls’ Grammar School develops global citizens who engage with social and environmental issues of local and global significance. They appreciate difference, show empathy and engage respectfully and collaboratively while seeking to understand different cultures, languages and perspectives. Through civic engagement they demonstrate responsible and ethical decision making to promote sustainable futures.  

The definition of an indigenous person.

Level 1 resourceHow do we define an indigenous person?

The United Nations does not provide a definition of what it means to be an indigenous person. 

The United Nations prefers to identify rather than define who is indigenous.

Click on the other tabs in this box to see some of the things that the United Nations looks at when discussing what it means to be an indigenous person.

They have strong links with the land and its natural resources. . .

Charlton F., & United Nations. (1992). Young Kazakh shepherd riding a horse in Karkara pastures, Kazakhstan [Photograph].Retrieved from in/album-72157614476504440/

. . . and they were living their before other people came to settle the land. . .

Daher, J., & United Nations. (1992). Shavante Indians of Brazil [Photograph]. Retrieved from in/album-72157614476504440/


. . . and they have their own language, culture and beliefs that are not the same as the people who settled there later . . .

Ferré J-M., & United Nations. (2011). The Yellow Bird Apache Dancers perform at the opening of the fourth session of the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. [Photograph]. Retrieved from /in/album-72157614476504440/

. . . and they have decided to look after their ancestral lands and systems as a separate people to the rest of the population.

Park, K., & United Nations. (2011). A Hmong hill tribe woman at work in Sin Chai, Viet Nam. [Photograph]. Retrieved from in/album-72157614476504440/

Show Leadership

What do you think about the United Nations' definition of an indigenous person?

Do you agree?

If you want to know more you can read the United Nations fact sheet on what it is to be an indigenous person, by clicking on this link: Indigenous people indigenous voices

The United Nations and Indigenous People

Level 3 resourceWeb sites

"The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) was adopted by the General Assembly on Thursday, 13 September 2007, by a majority of 144 states in favour, 4 votes against (Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States) and 11 abstentions (Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burundi, Colombia, Georgia, Kenya, Nigeria, Russian Federation, Samoa and Ukraine)."

"Nine years have passed since the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was adopted by the General Assembly. Since then, the four countries voting against have reversed their position and now support the Declaration. Today the Declaration is the most comprehensive international instrument on the rights of indigenous peoples. It establishes a universal framework of minimum standards for the survival, dignity and well-being of the indigenous peoples of the world and it elaborates on existing human rights standards and fundamental freedoms as they apply to the specific situation of indigenous peoples." (United Nations, 2019)

Click on this link to read the United Nations Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in full:  UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

The United Nations

Level 3 resourceWeb sites

Clicking on this image will take you to the website of the United Nations. 

Here you can learn all about them and what they do!

Indigenous World 2019

Level 3 resourceWeb sites

Survival International

Level 3 resourceWeb sites

Clicking on this image will take you to the website of the Survival International, an independent body associated with the United Nations. 

Here you can learn all about them and what they do!

Global Indigenous Understanding | Curriculum alignment

Conceptual framework for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures priority This LibGuide focuses on indigenous peoples around the world and as such, complements the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander histories and cultures cross curricula priority as documented in the Victorian Curriculum and the Australian curriculum

This libguide also supports the relevant U.N. framework on the Rights of Indigenous peoples and aligns with the U.N. Sustainability Developments Goals as set out for the global indigenous community.  

  • OI.1 [The world has many] distinct Indigenous groups,... [and within many of these groups] there is significant diversity.
  • OI.2 [Many indigenous] communities maintain a special connection to and responsibility for Country/Place.
  • OI.3 [Many indigenous] peoples have holistic belief systems and are spiritually and intellectually connected to the land, sea, sky and waterways.
  • OI.4 [Indigenous] societies have many Language Groups.
  • OI.5 [Indigenous] peoples’ ways of life are uniquely expressed through ways of being, knowing, thinking and doing.
  • OI.6 [Many indigenous peoples] demonstrate resilience in responding to historic and contemporary impacts of colonisation.
  • OI.7 [Indigenous] societies encompass a diversity of nations across [the world].
  • OI.8 [Many indigenous peoples'] family and kinship structures are strong and sophisticated.
  • OI.9 The significant contributions of [Indigenous] peoples in the present and past are acknowledged locally, nationally and globally.
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