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Future food: Genetic modification
VCE Food Studies | Unit 4: Food issues, challenges and futures
"The food systems of the future must deliver healthy and quality food for all, while preserving the environment.... We need to change our focus from producing more food to producing more healthy food" (da Silva, 2019, June 10)
"Genetically modified organism (GMO), organism whose genome has been engineered in the laboratory in order to favour the expression of desired physiological traits or the generation of desired biological products." ("Genetically modified organism (GMO)", n.d.)
"Agricultural sciences, sciences dealing with food and fibre production and processing. They include the technologies of soil cultivation, crop cultivation and harvesting, animal production, and the processing of plant and animal products for human consumption and use." ("Agricultural sciences", n.d.)
These pages provide concept definitions and subject overviews for researchers who want to expand their knowledge about scholarly and technical terms. Each synopsis provides a series of short, authoritative, excerpts from highly relevant book chapters written by subject matter experts in the field. These topic summaries are derived from Elsevier encyclopaedias, reference works and books.
Due to license restriction access for students and staff is limited to summaries and open access content.
Topics: / Health Wellbeing
Increasingly, Australians are caring more about the origins and values of the foods they consume. This book addresses two often misunderstood agricultural production methods – organic and genetically modified food. Organic food is grown and produced without using synthetic chemicals such as pesticides and artificial fertilisers; so what are the actual ethical, environmental and nutritional differences between organic and conventionally-produced food? Are organics healthier? Genetic modification is a science-driven crop and animal breeding method which has attracted controversy and confusion in recent years. Which foods are GM in Australia, how are they labelled and regulated, and are there any proven environmental or health-related side-effects? This book serves you up an abundance of information with which to make more informed food choices. Also includes: worksheets and activities, fast facts, glossary, web links, index. Titles in the Issues in Society series are individual resource books which provide an overview on a specific subject comprised of facts and opinions. The information in this resource book is not from any single author, publication or organisation. The unique value of the Issues in Society series lies in its diversity of content and perspectives. The content comes from a wide variety of sources and includes: newspaper reports and opinion pieces, website fact sheets, magazine and journal articles, statistics and surveys, government reports, and literature from special interest groups.
This resource covers one of the most contentious and politically charged topics today. The history of agriculture is traced, from ancient practices to the use and impact of modern technology and the advances of scientific agriculture. The book explains the reactions of scientists, farmers, chefs, and medical doctors to the scientific changes in agriculture, which have ranged from support to skepticism, and shows how different governments around the world view the inclusion of GMOs in food. The unbiased approach allows readers to decide for themselves whether GMOs are the answer to world hunger or could negatively impact the health of the world population.
"Tomorrow's Table" argues that a judicious blend of two important strands of agriculture--genetic engineering and organic farming--is key to helping feed the world's growing population in an ecologically balanced manner. Pamela Ronald, a geneticist, and her husband, Raoul Adamchak, an organic farmer, take the reader inside their lives for roughly a year, allowing us to look over their shoulders so that we can see what geneticists and organic farmers actually do. Readers see the problems that farmers face, trying to provide larger yields without resorting to expensive or environmentally hazardous chemicals--a problem that will loom larger and larger as the century progresses--and they learn how organic farmers and geneticists address these problems. The book is for consumers, farmers, and policy decision makers who want to make food choices and policy that will support ecologically responsible farming practices, and for anyone who wants accurate information about organic farming, genetic engineering, and their potential impacts on human health and the environment. The first edition was published in hardcover in 2008 and in paperback in 2009. This second edition reflects the many and varied changes the fields of farming and genetic engineering have seen since 2009. It includes a new preface and three new chapters-one on politics and food-related protests such as the Marin county anti-vaccine movement and the subsequent outbreak of whooping cough, one on farming and food security, and one containing various recipes. Existing chapters on the tools of genetic engineering, organic vs. conventional foods, the tools of organic agriculture, and food labeling and legislature have all been updated.
"Foods derived from genetically modified organisms are called ‘GM foods’. All of the GM foods approved so far are from GM plants, for example corn plants with a gene that makes them resistant to insect attack, or soybeans with a modified fatty acid content that makes the oil better suited for frying. Plants that use less water to grow have also been developed so they are more suitable for changing climatic conditions." (Food standards Australia New Zealand, n.d.)
Also includes links to:
* Labelling of GM foods
* Safety assessment process
* FSANZ response to studies
* Herbicides, pesticides and GM foods
* Genetic modification - questions and answers (Australian Academy of Science)
"Center for Food Safety (CFS) is a national non-profit public interest and environmental advocacy organization working to protect human health and the environment by curbing the use of harmful food production technologies and by promoting organic and other forms of sustainable agriculture." (Center for Food Safety, n.d.)
Future food | Generic modification: Videos
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"Imagine an onion that doesn't make you cry, or a tomato with extra vitamin C. Well, that's what scientists are doing by genetically engineering the DNA of food to change it's characteristics. Fans of GM foods say they can solve many problems, while others disagree." (BBC What's New?, 2019)
When using this video don't forget to cite and reference your sources. For more information and help see the Kerferd Library referencing guide and / or CiteMaker. In text reference / citation: BBC What's New? (2019) or (BBC What's New?, 2019) Bibliography / Reference list:BBC What's New? (2019). What is genetically modified food? [eVideo]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/_FZewFiw7IE
"The altering of food and animals by adding and subtracting genetic traits in a lab sounds like science fiction. Different than GMO's, gene-edited food could be the wave of the future." (Associated Press, 2018)
When using this video don't forget to cite and reference your sources. For more information and help see the Kerferd Library referencing guide and / or CiteMaker. In text reference / citation: Associated Press (2018) or (Associated Press, 2018) Bibliography / Reference list:Associated Press (2018). GMOs vs. gene-edited foods [eVideo]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/0REhKMSZs70