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Brief, basic information laid out in an easy-to-read format. May use informal language. (Includes most news articles)
Provides additional background information and further reading. Introduces some subject-specific language.
Lengthy, detailed information. Frequently uses technical/subject-specific language. (Includes most analytical articles)
- The nature of an object or organisms affects its function
- Patterns allow the identification and description of relationships, including cause and effect
- Stability is the result of competing but balanced forces
Evolution | Overview: Keywords
Click on the terms to access a simple definition from either the Oxford Dictionary online or ThoughtCo. The definitions for words and phrases marked with a hash # come from alternative sources.
Environment, Evolution, Darwinism, Genes, Germinal mutation, Lamarckism, Mutation, Natural selection, Selective breeding, Somatic mutation, Species, Variation
Evolution | Overview: Articles
Evolution (Britannica High, n.d.)
"Evolution, theory in biology postulating that the various types of plants, animals, and other living things on Earth have their origin in other preexisting types and that the distinguishable differences are due to modifications in successive generations. The theory of evolution is one of the fundamental keystones of modern biological theory." ("Evolution", n.d.)
Environment (Britannica High, n.d.)
"environment, the complex of physical, chemical, and biotic factors that act upon an organism or an ecological community and ultimately determine its form and survival." ("Environment", n.d.)
Natural selection (Britannica High, n.d.)
"Natural selection, process that results in the adaptation of an organism to its environment by means of selectively reproducing changes in its genotype, or genetic constitution." ("Natural selection", n.d.)
What Is Evolution? (ThoughtCo, 2014, July 14)
"A Brief Overview of the History and Concepts of Evolution. The theory of evolution is a scientific theory that essentially states that species change over time. There are many different ways species change, but most of them can be described by the idea of natural selection." (Scoville, 2014)
Charles Darwin (Britannica High, n.d.)
"English naturalist whose scientific theory of evolution by natural selection became the foundation of modern evolutionary studies." ("Charles Darwin", n.d.)
Mutation (Britannica High, n.d.)
"Mutation, an alteration in the genetic material (the genome) of a cell of a living organism or of a virus that is more or less permanent and that can be transmitted to the cell’s or the virus’s descendants. (The genomes of organisms are all composed of DNA, whereas viral genomes can be of DNA or RNA; see heredity: The physical basis of heredity.)" ("Mutation", n.d.)
Somatic mutation (Britannica High, n.d.)
"Somatic mutation, genetic alteration acquired by a cell that can be passed to the progeny of the mutated cell in the course of cell division." ("Somatic mutation", n.d.)
Germinal mutation (Britannica High, n.d.)
"Germinal mutation, alteration in the genetic constitution of the reproductive cells, occurring in the cell divisions that result in sperm and eggs. " ("Germinal mutation", n.d.)
Evolution | Overview: Biological Dictionary
See also the following articles relating to evolution from the Biology Dictionary.
Difference between Convergent and Divergent Evolution
"Over the eons of evolutionary time, organisms have differentiated themselves in recognizable patterns. Two of these patterns are known as convergent and divergent evolution. Both show the ways that organisms have responded to natural selection and provide evidence for the theory of evolution." (Biology Dictionary, n.d.)
Evolution | Overview: eBooks
Darwin and Evolution: Bullett Guides by
Publication Date: 2011
Chapters include: 1 Who was Charles Darwin? 2 Natural selection, 3 Species and speciation, 4 Darwin’s gaps, 5 Variation and natural selection, 6 Evidence for evolution, 7 The arguments against evolution, 8 The tree of life, 9 Human evolution, and 10 Evolution today – Darwin’s legacy .
What Is the Theory of Evolution? Shaping Modern Science by
Publication Date: 2011
This engaging title examines how Darwin developed his controversial theory of evolution, including his research methods and the data gathered during his extensive voyages. The book also explores the controversies that developed around the publication of Darwin's theory of natural selection and how the debate continues today.
Evolution | Overview: Online resources
Evolution (New England Complex Systems Institute, 2019)
"Biological evolution is a powerful and important process. It is a process which, over billions of years, gradually selects the organisms that are better adapted to their environments, and in this way takes advantage of random mutations to continuously change life and make all living organisms in existence be the way they are." (Bar-Yam, 2019)
Evolution | Overview: Videos
"How can a "thumbs up" sign help us remember five processes that impact evolution? The story of the Five Fingers of Evolution gives us a clever way of understanding change in gene pools over time. " (Anderson, 2012)
See also the full online lesson at https://ed.ted.com/lessons/five-fingers-of-evolution
When using this video don't forget to cite and reference your sources. For more information and help see the Kerferd Library referencing guide and / or CiteMaker.
In text reference / citation:Anderson (2012) or (Anderson, 2012)
Bibliography / Reference list: Anderson, P., (2012). Five fingers of evolution [eVideo], Ted-ED. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/5NdMnlt2keE
Evolution | Curriculum alignment
This Mentone Girls' Grammar School LibGuide supports the following Victorian curriculum outcomes. Click on the links to explore more.