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Source: Digital montage by Black, S. (2019).
"Solar system, assemblage consisting of the Sun—an average star in the Milky Way Galaxy—and those bodies orbiting around it: 8 (formerly 9) planets with about 170 known planetary satellites (moons); countless asteroids, some with their own satellites; comets and other icy bodies; and vast reaches of highly tenuous gas and dust known as the interplanetary medium." (Britannica, n.d.)
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Brief, basic information laid out in an easy-to-read format. May use informal language. (Includes most news articles)
Provides additional background information and further reading. Introduces some subject-specific language.
Lengthy, detailed information. Frequently uses technical/subject-specific language. (Includes most analytical articles)
- Predictable phenomena on Earth, including seasons and eclipses, are caused by the relative positions of the Sun, Earth and the Moon.
- Change to an object’s motion is caused by unbalanced forces acting on the object; Earth’s gravity pulls objects towards the centre of Earth.
Earth's home in space | Overview: Keywords
Click on the terms to access a simple definition from Lexico, the online Oxford Dictionary.
Axis, Equinox, Gravity, Meteor, Orbit, Oort Cloud, Planet, Solar system, Season, Velocity
Earth's home in space | Overview: Articles
Solar system (Britannica Middle, n.d.)
"As the Sun rushes through space at a speed of roughly 150 miles (240 kilometers) per second, it takes many smaller objects along with it. These include the planets and dwarf planets; their moons; and small bodies such as asteroids, comets, and meteoroids. All these objects orbit, or revolve around, the Sun. Together, the Sun and all its smaller companions are known as the solar system." ("Solar system", n.d.)
Gravity (Britannica Middle, n.d.)
"Gravity, or gravitation, is the attraction of all matter for all other matter. It is both the most familiar of the natural forces and the least understood. It is the force that causes objects to drop and water to run downhill. It is also the force that holds Earth, the Sun, and the stars together and keeps planets, moons, and artificial satellites in their respective orbits." (“Gravity”, n.d.)
Velocity (Britannica Middle, n.d.)
"Velocity has a scientific meaning that is slightly different from that of speed. Speed is the rate of an object’s motion, while velocity designates an object’s speed plus the direction of its motion." (“Velocity”, n.d.)
Journey Through the Solar System: Planets, Moons, Rings and More (ThoughtCo, 2019, July 3)
"Welcome to the solar system! This is where you'll find the Sun, the planets, and humanity's sole home in the Milky Way Galaxy. It contains planets, moons, comets, asteroids, one star, and worlds with ring systems. Although astronomers and skygazers have observed other solar system objects in the sky since the dawn of human history, it has only been in the past half-century that they've been able to explore them more directly with spacecraft." (Petersen, 2019, July 3)
Johannes Kepler (Britannica Middle, n.d.)
"The Renaissance astronomer and astrologer Johannes Kepler (1571–1630) is best known for his discovery that the orbits in which the Earth and the other planets of the solar system travel around the Sun are elliptical, or oval, in shape. He was also the first to explain correctly how human beings see and to demonstrate what happens to light when it enters a telescope." ("Johannes Kepler", n.d.)
Kepler’s laws of planetary motion (Britannica High, n.d.)
"Kepler’s laws of planetary motion, in astronomy and classical physics, laws describing the motions of the planets in the solar system. They were derived by the German astronomer Johannes Kepler, whose analysis of the observations of the 16th-century Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe." (“Kepler’s laws of planetary motion”, n.d.)
Newton’s law of gravitation (Britannica High, n.d.)
"Newton’s law of gravitation, statement that any particle of matter in the universe attracts any other with a force varying directly as the product of the masses and inversely as the square of the distance between them." (“Newton’s law of gravitation”, n.d.)
Earth's home in space | Overview: eBooks
Earth's Cycles by
Publication Date: 2014
This fascinating book explains the patterns and cycles created on Earth by the influence of the Sun and the Moon, as well as by the Earth's magnetic poles and the planet's rotation on an axis. Informative text, vivid photographs, and detailed diagrams help explain patterns such as day and night, the four seasons, the rise and fall of tides, and weather cycles.
Solar System: Xtreme Space by
Publication Date: 2011
Xtreme Space brings the wonders of our universe into kids' hands. Solar System introduces readers to both the history and future of outer space exploration. These books may be learning tools, but they are also designed to feed the interests of reluctant readers through stunning images from NASA, as well as the Hubble and Spitzer Telescopes. Glossary words provide additional information and understanding to the curious reader.
Amazing Solar System Projects: You Can Build Yourself by
Publication Date: 2008
Amazing Solar System Projects You Can Build Yourself introduces readers ages 9 and up to the basic elements of the solar system with over 25 hands-on building projects and activities. Readers learn about the sun, the planets and their moons, meteors and comets, and the amazing tools that astronomers and astronauts have used to study the solar system over the years. Amazing Solar System Projects You Can Build Yourself provides detailed step-by-step instructions and diagrams for creating the projects, which include making a greenhouse to see what happens on Venus and constructing a model of the phases of the moon to demonstrate why the moon has phases. Fascinating facts, anecdotes, biographies, and trivia are interspersed with the fun projects to teach readers all about the solar system.
Solar Science: Exploring Sunspots, Seasons, Eclipses, and More by
Publication Date: 2015
Solar Science offers more than three dozen hands-on, inquiry-based activities on many fascinating aspects of solar astronomy. The activities cover the Sun's motions, space weather caused by the Sun, the measurement of time and seasons in our daily lives, and much more. The authors are award-winning experts in both astronomy and science education, so they know just how to encourage students to work like scientists by asking questions, doing experiments, comparing notes, and refining and reporting results. They also know you have to make the most of every instructional minute. The book contains plenty of ideas for related writing projects; grade-appropriate math examples; and connections to music, art, fiction, and history. It's also aligned with the three-dimensional learning encouraged by the Next Generation Science Standards and connects to the Common Core State Standards. Solar Science is ideal for teachers, informal science educators, youth group leaders, curriculum specialists, and teacher trainers. You can use these versatile activities one at a time, as the basis of a stand-alone unit on the Sun, or as a comprehensive curriculum. You get to determine the best way for your students to learn a lot while having fun with the Sun.
Earth's home in space | Overview: Curriculum alignment
This Mentone Girls' Grammar School LibGuide supports the following Victorian curriculum outcomes. Click on the links to explore more.