Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Source: Chinese Red Guards, 1966. (Universal History Archive, 2019).
When accessing content use the numbers below to guide you:
Brief, basic information laid out in an easy-to-read format. May use informal language. (Includes most news articles)
Provides additional background information and further reading. Introduces some subject-specific language.
Lengthy, detailed information. Frequently uses technical/subject-specific language. (Includes most analytical articles)
Chinese Revolution | Consequences: Key figures
Mao Zedong (Britannica High, n.d.)
"Mao Zedong, ...principal Chinese Marxist theorist, soldier, and statesman who led his country’s communist revolution. Mao was the leader of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) from 1935 until his death, and he was chairman (chief of state) of the People’s Republic of China from 1949 to 1959 and chairman of the party also until his death." ("Mao Zedong", n.d.)
China under Mao by
Publication Date: 2015
China's Communist Party seized power in 1949 after a long guerrilla insurgency followed by full-scale war, but the revolution was just beginning. Andrew Walder narrates the rise and fall of the Maoist state from 1949 to 1976--an epoch of startling accomplishments and disastrous failures, steered by many forces but dominated above all by Mao Zedong.
Maoism and the Chinese Revolution by
Publication Date: 2016
The Chinese Revolution changed the face of the twentieth century, and the politics that issued from it - often referred to as 'Maoism' - resonated with colonised and oppressed people from the 1970s down to the anti-capitalist movements of today. Maoism and the Chinese Revolution offers the novice reader a sweeping overview of five decades of Maoist revolutionary history. It covers the early years of the Chinese Communist Party, through decades of guerrilla warfare and rapid industrialisation, to the massive upheavals of the Cultural Revolution.
Zhou Enlai (Britannica High, n.d.)
Zhou Enlai,... "leading figure in the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and premier (1949–76) and foreign minister (1949–58) of the People’s Republic of China, who played a major role in the Chinese Revolution and later in the conduct of China’s foreign relations." ("Zhou Enlaie", n.d.)
Peng Dehuai (Britannica High, n.d.)
Peng Dehuai,... "Chinese military leader who, as a field commander of the Red Army, contributed to the communists’ 22-year struggle for power and held many high government and party posts. He played a prominent role in the first several years of the Cultural Revolution (1966–76)." ("Peng Dehuai", n.d.)
Lin Biao (Britannica High, n.d.)
Lin Biao,... "Chinese military leader who, as a field commander of the Red Army, contributed to the communists’ 22-year struggle for power and held many high government and party posts. He played a prominent role in the first several years of the Cultural Revolution (1966–76)." ("Lin Biao", n.d.)
Liu Shaoqi (Britannica High, n.d.)
Liu Shaoqi,... "chairman of the People’s Republic of China (1959–68) and chief theoretician for the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), who was considered the heir apparent to Mao Zedong until he was purged in the late 1960s." ("Liu Shaoqi", n.d.)
Jiang Qing (Britannica High, n.d.)
Jiang Qing,... "third wife of Chinese communist leader Mao Zedong and the most influential woman in the People’s Republic of China for a while until her downfall in 1976, after Mao’s death." ("Jiang Qing", n.d.)
Chen Boda (Britannica High, n.d.)
Chen Boda,... "revolutionist and propagandist who became the chief interpreter of the “thought of Mao Zedong” and was briefly one of the five most powerful leaders of modern China." ("Chen Boda", n.d.)
Chinese Revolution | Consequences: Key events
Hundred Flowers Campaign (Britannica High, n.d.)
"Hundred Flowers Campaign, movement begun in May 1956 within the communist government of China to lift the restrictions imposed upon Chinese intellectuals and thus grant greater freedom of thought and speech." ("Hundred Flowers Campaign", n.d.)
Great Leap Forward (Britannica High, n.d.)
"Great Leap Forward, in Chinese history, the campaign undertaken by the Chinese communists between 1958 and early 1960 to organize its vast population, especially in large-scale rural communes, to meet China’s industrial and agricultural problems." ("Great Leap Forward", n.d.)
Cultural Revolution (Britannica High, n.d.)
"Cultural Revolution, in full Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, upheaval launched by Chinese Communist Party Chairman Mao Zedong during his last decade in power (1966–76) to renew the spirit of the Chinese Revolution." ("Cultural Revolution", n.d.)
Chinese Revolution | Consequences: Curriculum alignment
Consequences of revolution
- "How did the consequences of revolution shape the new order?
- How did the new regime consolidate its power?
- How did the revolution affect the experiences of those who lived through it?
- To what extent was society changed and revolutionary ideas achieved?"
Victorian Certification of Education, History, Study Design 2016-2020 (Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority, 2015, p. 64.)