Source: Black, S. (2020). Vector graphic courtesy of Vecteezy.
"Everyone is entitled to his own opinion, but not his own facts." -- Daniel Patrick Moynihan. Newsweek, 25 August 1986, p. 27.
Good, reliable, and trustworthy news organisations are open and accountable. As a result, high-quality investigative news sources have editorial policies and follow a code of ethics or professional standards. To be accountable they make these standards public and easy to find. Good, reliable, and trustworthy news organisations also have a complaints process. The Australian Press Council is responsible for "promoting good standards of media practice, community access to information of public interest, and freedom of expression through the media." (APC, 2011)
Note: Not all news organisations have public and easy to find editorial policies. What does this say about the organisation?
Major Australian television stations
Major Australian newspapers
News and information web sites
Even the best news organisation can occasionally make mistakes. Good, reliable and trustworthy news organisations will correct their mistakes and make this public. See the following list for examples.
"The media provides the information we need to make decisions about our lives, but how reliable are the media reports that shape our views of the world?... Media Watch turns the spotlight onto those who literally 'make the news': the reporters, editors, sub-editors, producers, camera operators, sound recordists and photographers who claim to deliver the world to our doorsteps, radios, computers and living rooms. We also keep an eye on those who try to manipulate the media: the PR consultants, spin-doctors, lobbyists and "news makers" who set the agenda." (ABC, MediaWatch, 2018)