Source: Black, S. (2020). Vector graphic courtesy of Vecteezy.
"Everyone is entitled to his own opinion, but not his own facts." -- Daniel Patrick Moynihan. Newsweek, 25 August 1986, p. 27.
Tools to help you see if claims are true, false or misleading.
"A quick demo of how Google's reverse image search tool can be used to fact check and research images." (Common Sense Education, 2017)
Source: Common Sense Education. (2017). How to Use Google Reverse Image Search to Fact Check Images [YouTube video]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/p5e9wTdAulA.;
Claire Wardle (First Draft, 2017) reviews the checklists recommended to help verify online content. The provenance, source, date, and location, as well as the motivation of the person who captured it, are all important pieces of the puzzle. First Draft proposes two checklists: one for videos and one for images.
Fact Checkers check news outlets to confirm the stories are correct but who checks the fact checkers? The International Fact Checking Network or IFCN certifies that Fact Checkers meet high standards and tell the truth. See the following video for details. If you see the IFCN logo on a Fact Checker web site it means this Fact Checker meets the IFCN standards. There is also a list of organisations who have signed up to the IFCN at https://ifcncodeofprinciples.poynter.org/signatories
News agencies, governments, corporations, and many other types of organisations increasingly use news aggregator tools to monitor, fact check, and in some cases, control breaking news stories. In themselves these tools are not good or bad, it is how they are used that matters.