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Mentone Girls' Grammar School | Kerferd Library

Australia at war (1914 – 1945): World War II: Treaties & Relations

Year 10 History: The modern world and Australia

Lieutenant-General Sydney Rowell, Australian Chief of General Staff, Major-General William Gentry, New Zealand Chief of General Staff and Admiral Arthur Radford, US Commander in Chief Pacific, gather in Honolulu for the first meeting of ANZUS military representatives on 21 September 1952. (The Australian War Memorial, 1952)

Referencing Notice Don't forget to cite and reference your sources. For help see the Junior School or Senior School referencing guides, and / or CiteMaker.
Resource Key

When accessing content use the numbers below to guide you:

LEVEL

Brief, basic information laid out in an easy-to-read format. May use informal language. (Includes most news articles)

LEVEL

Provides additional background information and further reading. Introduces some subject-specific language.

Level 3 resourceLEVEL

Lengthy, detailed information. Frequently uses technical/subject-specific language. (Includes most analytical articles)

General Capabilities

Enduring Understandings
  • What was the context that allowed World War II to occur?
  • How did the conflict during World War II change the shape of society today?
  • How do I assess the reliability and usefulness of a source?
  • How do I attribute my sources of information correctly

World War II | Treaties: Introduction

Level 1"World War II completely changed the way Australians viewed their place in the world. The fall of Singapore forced Australia to realise that Britain would always look after itself before its former colonies. The USA emerged from the War as the undisputed global superpower, and Australia continued to link its interest, its security and its future to the USA. This was a major change in Australian foreign policy. It also ensured that Australia was placed firmly in the American camp as the cold war divided the globe." (Carrodus, Delany, & Mcarthur et. al., 2012, p. 120)

Reference: Carrodus, G., Delany, T., & Mcarthur, K. et. al. (2012). How did the events of World War II shape Australia's international relations. In Oxford big ideas: Australian curriculum, History 10 (p. 120). South Melbourne: Oxford University Press.

While Australia did not sign the North Atlantic Treaty, and is not member of NATO, it has become a NATO partner*. NATO and the Warsaw Pact were two major treaty blocks to come out of World War II and therefore had an influence on Australia, especially during the cold war. As a result of World War II, and in a move away from Britain towards a more independent approach, Australia opened its first embassy in Washington DC in 1940 and was one of the original signatories to the United Nations Charter in 1945.

* For more on Australia's relationship with NATO see the "Relations with Australia" section on the NATO portal.

World War II | Treaties: ANZUS

Background. Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, 1952. The first meeting of Australia, New Zealand and United States (ANZUS) military representatives

"In the wake of the Second World War and facing the rise of communism in China and Korea, Australia and New Zealand became concerned about the political situation in the Pacific region. The Australian Government was worried that with America, Britain and a number of other European countries forming the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 1949, Australia’s main allies would focus on European interests to the detriment of the security of the Pacific. Both Australia and New Zealand felt that to achieve ongoing security and peace in the region, they needed to partner with the United States." (National Museum of Australia, n.d.)

Source: Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, 1952. The first meeting of Australia, New Zealand and United States (ANZUS) military representatives. (Australian War Memorial, 044320.)

Level 1Articles

Level 3

Level 1 resourceOnline Resources

World War II | United Nations' Charter

Level 1 resourceFilm and videoUsing YouTube on campus help and instructionsTo view this video on campus remember to first login to your school Google account using your mConnect username and password. Click here for more help on using YouTube on campus.

"On June 26, 1945, delegates from 50 countries signed the charter of the United Nations in San Francisco, creating an international government tasked with maintaining peace around the world in the wake of World War II. " (History Channel, 2018)

Source

When using this video don't forget to cite and reference your sources. For more information and help see the Kerferd Library referencing guide and / or CiteMaker.
In text reference / citation: History Channel (2018) or (History Channel, 2018)
Bibliography / Reference list: History Channel, (2018). The United Nations Is Created, [eVideo]. History Channel. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/FnQESSTouNU

World War II | Treaties: NATO

Level 1 resourceFilm and videoUsing YouTube on campus help and instructionsTo view this video on campus remember to first login to your school Google account using your mConnect username and password. Click here for more help on using YouTube on campus.

The birth of NATO - 4 April 1949 (NATO, 2015)

Source

When using this video don't forget to cite and reference your sources. For more information and help see the Kerferd Library referencing guide and / or CiteMaker.
In text reference / citation: (NATO, (2015) or (NATO, 2015)
Bibliography / Reference list: NATO, (2015). The birth of NATO - 4 April 1949, [eVideo]. North Atlantic Treaty Organisation. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/GzCBXFWYFMw

North Atlantic Defence Committee Meet AKA 1st Meeting Of NATO. (British Pathé, 1949)

Source

When using this video don't forget to cite and reference your sources. For more information and help see the Kerferd Library referencing guide and / or CiteMaker.
In text reference / citation: British Pathé (1949) or (British Pathé, 1949)
Bibliography / Reference list: British Pathé (1949). North Atlantic Defence Committee Meet AKA 1st Meeting Of NATO , [eVideo]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/YMhK7Zy4AZ8

World War II | Treaties: Warsaw Pact

Level 1 resourceFilm and videoUsing YouTube on campus help and instructionsTo view this video on campus remember to first login to your school Google account using your mConnect username and password. Click here for more help on using YouTube on campus.

The Formation of NATO and the Warsaw Pact (History Channel, 2017)

Source

When using this video don't forget to cite and reference your sources. For more information and help see the Kerferd Library referencing guide and / or CiteMaker.
In text reference / citation: History Channel (2017) or (History Channel, 2017)
Bibliography / Reference list: History Channel, (2017). The Formation of NATO and the Warsaw Pact, [eVideo]. History Channel. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/X1El1GVQVdc

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