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Australia at war (1914 – 1945): World War II: Commemoration
As with World War I, and other previous conflicts, Australians built war memorials to remember the sacrifices of those who served. Victoria's main World War II memorial is the ceremonial courtyard in front of the Shrine of Remembrance. The memorial includes a "12.5–metre Cenotaph [where] six service men in the battle dress of the Navy, Army and Air Force, carrying a bier (a stand used for placing people before burial) on which lies a fallen comrade. The names of the theatres of war where each of the services served in the Second World War (1939–45) are inscribed on the pillar. The Eternal Flame was lit by... Queen Elizabeth II during the 1954" (Monument Australia, n.d.)
Citation / In text reference: (Monument Australia, n.d.) or Monument Australia (n.d.) Bibliography / Reference list: Monument Australia. (n.d.). World War Two Memorial Forecourt. [Web]. Retrieved from http://monumentaustralia.org.au/display/95575-worl d-war-two-memorial-forecourt
Search and view the Victorian World War II memorials registered on the Victorian Heritage Database.
World War II | Australian American Memorial, Canberra
"The Australian-American Memorial is an important symbol of Australian gratitude to United States of America service personnel for their contribution to the defence of Australia during World War Two. It is also a symbol of the close ties which were established during the War" (Monuments Australia, n.d.)
Citation / In text reference: (Monument Australia, n.d.) or Monument Australia (n.d.) Bibliography / Reference list: Monument Australia. (n.d.). Australian - American Memorial. [Web]. Retrieved from http://monumentaustralia.org.au/themes/conflict/ww 2/display/90169-australian-american-memorial/
The Australian American Association proposed a "proposed the memorial [in Canberra] to pay tribute to US soldiers who died fighting alongside Australian troops in the Pacific during World War II". (ABC, 2017
Citation / in text citation: (Gee, 2017, May 1) or Gee (2017, May 1) . Bibliography / Reference list: Gee, S. (2017, May 1) How did they put the eagle on top of the Australian-American memorial? [ABC News]. Retrieved from http://www.abc.net.au/news/specials/curious-canber ra/2017-05-01/how-was-the-eagle-mounted-on-top-of- the-memorial-in-canberra/8404954.
"In Australia the local war memorial has always been an object of pride and identity. On Anzac Day, Remembrance Day and other special occasions, ex-service men and women, families who lost relatives in war and other members of the community, assemble at these sacred sites. Here they reflect, grieve and remember events which have been of central importance to Australia as a nation.... Where is the main war memorial – the one used as the focus of commemorative events such as those held on Anzac Day and Remembrance Day – located in your community?" (Department of Veterans' Affairs, 2014)