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Mentone Girls' Grammar School | Kerferd Library

Academic Integrity

Information and resources on academic integrity for senior school students and teachers

Source: Black, S. (2020).

Integrity — When you do the right thing even though no one is watching. (Anon.)

Academic Integrity | Plagiarism: Definition

InformationLexico, the online Oxford Dictionary, defines plagiarism as the 'practice of taking someone else's work or ideas and passing them off as one's own.' (Lexico, n.d.) The School uses the APA 7th edition style guidelines so students can avoid accidental plagiarism.

See also

Academic Integrity | Plagiarism: Examples

Plagiarism can include, but is not limited to:

  • Directly copying someone else's work and not referencing your sources.
  • Paraphrasing someone else's work and not referencing your sources.
  • Self-plagiarism - also known as recycling. This is where you reuse one of your pieces of work for a new assignment. You can reuse your work but you still need to reference the earlier work.
  • Fake sources - using properly constructed references and citations but the source information does not exist.
  • Aggregation - the student's work is made up entirely of references and citations to other people's work with no original content by the student. 

Confused? See the Videos on this page and explore the additional resources in the Explore more section. For more information you can also ask your teacher or one of the librarians.

Common Knowledge

You do not need to cite and reference common knowledge such as 'Paris is the capital of France', or that 'the Pacific is the world's largest ocean'. However, common knowledge does not usually include statistics and data. When using statistics and data you do need to cite / reference your sources. For example:

Paris was founded in the 3rd century B.C. by a community of Celts. (, n.d.)

The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest ocean on earth, covering more than 155 million square kilometres. (Office of Ocean Exploration and Research, n.d.)

If you are not sure what to do ask your teacher or one of the librarians.

HelpUse In-text citations / references as well as a Bibliography or Reference List to clearly show what is your work and ideas, and what you have got from someone else. To help you the School uses APA referencing. The APA guidelines protect you against accidental plagiarism. For additional help and support see the Kerferd Library Reference help as well as CiteMaker. CitMaker is an online tool that helps you build and save your references using the APA guidelines.

Academic Integrity | Plagiarism: Penalties

PenaltiesPenalties can apply if you are found to have plagiarised. Your teachers also have the option of using of using software to check your work for plagiarism. Penalties can include:

  • You may receive no mark for your work,
  • You may be asked to resubmit the work, and
  • Depending on the severity of the situation, the School may impose additional penalties.

Ultimately the biggest loss is that you have compromised both your learning and your reputation.

Academic Integrity | Plagiarism: eBooks

Level 1 resourceeBooks

Academic Integrity | Plagiarism: Videos

Level 1 resourceFilm and videoUsing YouTube on campus help and instructionsTo view these video on campus remember to first login to your school Google account using your mConnect username and password. Click here for more help on using YouTube on campus.


In text reference / citation: Narrative citations: Scribbr (2020) Parenthetical citations: (Scribbr, 2020)
Bibliography / Reference list: Scribbr (2020, January 23). What is plagiarism? [Video]. YouTube.


In text reference / citation: Narrative citations: Scribbr (2020) Parenthetical citations: (Scribbr, 2020)
Bibliography / Reference list: Scribbr. (2020, January 23). How to Avoid Plagiarism with 3 Simple Tricks [Video]. YouTube.

Academic Integrity | Plagiarism: Explore more

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