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Source: The Soviet Army marches during May Day celebrations in 1954. (Associated Press, 1954).
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Brief, basic information laid out in an easy-to-read format. May use informal language. (Includes most news articles)
Provides additional background information and further reading. Introduces some subject-specific language.
Lengthy, detailed information. Frequently uses technical/subject-specific language. (Includes most analytical articles)
Students will understand that ideology plays a fundamental role in decision making, whether it be political, social, cultural or economical. Students will also understand how people fight for their beliefs, and how the impacts everyone from the individual to global superpowers. Students will understand how conflict manifests in many ways.
- What are the fundamental differences between Communism and Capitalism?
- What do you (the student) think of Communism and Capitalism?
- What makes different countries adopt different ideologies?
- What were the main issues/events of the Cold War?
- How did leaders strengthen/weaken the possibility of a third world war?
- What is the morality behind nuclear weapons and the arms race?
- How do popular protests impact governmental change?
Cold War | Russia: Introduction
Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) (Britannica High, n.d.)
"Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), also called (1925–52) All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks), Russian Kommunisticheskaya Partiya Sovetskogo Soyuza, or Vsesoyuznaya Kommunisticheskaya Partiya (Bolshevikov), the major political party of Russia and the Soviet Union from the Russian Revolution of October 1917 to 1991." ("Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU)", n.d.)
Cold War | Russia: key people
Leader of the Soviet Union from 1924-1953
Joseph Stalin (Britannica High, n.d.)
"Secretary-general of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1922–53) and premier of the Soviet state (1941–53), who for a quarter of a century dictatorially ruled the Soviet Union and transformed it into a major world power." ("Joseph Stalin", n.d.)
Joseph Stalin (CWIHP, n.d.)
"CPSU Secretary General 1922-1953; Stalin was a brutal leader who oversaw the Soviet victory in WWII, and Soviet occupation of Eastern Europe and East Germany... As ruler of the U.S.S.R. from 1929 to 1953, Joseph Stalin was in charge of Soviet policies during the early phase of the Cold War."
Stalin and the Cold War (CWIHP, n.d.)
"Leader of the Soviet Union from 1922 until his death in 1953, this collection contain Stalin's own writings, conversations, and legacy. The documents come mostly from the 1950s, and from Russian archives. Topics discussed include Stalin's economic opinions and his views on the situation in East Germany. The final items discuss Stalin's death and the fate of some of his ministers" ("Stalin and the Cold War", n.d.)
George F. Kennan, American diplomat and historian.
Leader of the Soviet Union from 1953 - 1964
Nikita Khrushchev (Britannica High, n.d.)
"Nikita Khrushchev,... first secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1953–64) and premier of the Soviet Union (1958–64) whose policy of de-Stalinization had widespread repercussions throughout the communist world. In foreign affairs he pursued a policy of “peaceful coexistence” with the capitalist West." ("Nikita Khrushchev", n.d.)
Nikita Khrushchev (CWIHP, n.d.)
"Khrushchev’s leadership marked a crucial transition for the Soviet Union. From the beginning, Khrushchev set out to make the Soviet system more effective by curbing Stalin’s worst excesses... In relations with the West, Khrushchev’s tenure was marked by a series of high-stakes crises: the U-2 affair, the building of the Berlin Wall, and the Cuban Missile crisis." ("Nikita Khrushchev", n.d.)
Nikita Khrushchev collection (CWIHP, n.d.)
"Documents containing the thoughts and opinions of Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev. The earliest document is from 1955 and the latest is from 1968. The collection includes comments on Stalin, the post-Stalin Soviet Union, Yugoslavia, and the 1956 uprisings in Poland and Hungary. The documents also broadly cover his opinions on various states, nations, the Soviet Union, and socialism." ("Nikita Khrushchev collection", n.d.)
Leader of the Soviet Union from 1964 -1982
Leonid Brezhnev (Britannica High, n.d.)
"During the 1970s Brezhnev attempted to normalize relations between West Germany and the Warsaw Pact and to ease tensions with the United States through the policy known as détente. At the same time, he saw to it that the Soviet Union’s military-industrial complex was greatly expanded and modernized." ("Leonid Brezhnev", n.d.)
Leonid Illyich Brezhnev (CWIHP, n.d.)
"Soviet Premier from 1964-1982. Brezhnev asserted the USSR’s right to intervene in the affairs of other socialist states, referred to as the “Brezhnev Doctrine.”" ("Leonid Brezhnev", n.d.)
Soviet premier [leader] from March 1985-1991.
Mikhail Gorbachev (Britannica High, n.d.)
"Mikhail Gorbachev... Soviet official, the general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) from 1985 to 1991 and president of the Soviet Union in 1990–91. His efforts to democratize his country’s political system and decentralize its economy led to the downfall of communism and the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991." ("Mikhail Gorbachev", n.d.)
Mikhail Gorbachev (CWIHP, n.d.)
"Soviet premier from March 1985-1991. Gorbachev instituted the reform programs “perestroika” and “glasnost”, and negotiated and argued for an end to the arms race." ("Mikhail Gorbachev", n.d.)
Cold War | Russia: Key events
Khrushchev’s secret speech (Britannica High, n.d.)
"Khrushchev’s secret speech, (February 25, 1956), in Russian history, denunciation of the deceased Soviet leader Joseph Stalin made by Nikita S. Khrushchev to a closed session of the 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. The speech was the nucleus of a far-reaching de-Stalinization campaign intended to destroy the image of the late dictator as an infallible leader and to revert official policy to an idealized Leninist model." ("Khrushchev’s secret speech", n.d.)
The real secret of Khrushchev's speech (Parfitt T, 2006, February 25)
"It was the evening of February 25 1956. Unexpectedly, delegates at the 20th congress of the Communist party had been ushered into a final, closed session at central committee headquarters in Moscow. When the Soviet leader, Nikita Khrushchev, took the tribune and began to speak, some members of the audience fainted. Others clawed their heads in despair. Most could not believe their ears.", (Parfitt T, 2006, February 25)
Khrushchev Denounces "Dictator" Stalin.
When using this video don't forget to cite and reference your sources. For more information and help see the Kerferd Library referencing guide and / or CiteMaker.
In text reference / citation: British Pathé (1956) or (British Pathé, 1956)
Bibliography / Reference list: British Pathé (1956). Khrushchev Denounces "Dictator" Stalin, [eVideo]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/DmcOsKP80es